Hamsters are one of the most popular small pets around the world. They belong to the rodent family. These are fascinating, cute and easy-care animals that come in four species – Dzungarian, Syrian, ordinary and Roborovsky hamsters.
This steppe animal lives mainly in Siberia, as well as Kazakhstan and Mongolia. He is very small – no more than ten centimeters in length. Such a hamster has a short, almost invisible tail, wool with white spots and a dark strip of gray.
It is also called golden, as the color is golden with dark colored spots. Such animals quickly get used to their owners. They grow to fifteen to twenty centimeters in length. The lifespan of these funny animals is from two to three years. Such hamsters need to be kept alone in the cage, as they simply cannot tolerate the presence of other hamsters on their territory. The active time for this breed is evening and night.
Of all the species, this is the largest. An ordinary hamster grows to twenty-five to thirty centimeters in length. He has a beautiful, soft and thick coat, a peculiar three-color color with white spots and a black abdomen. There are one-color ordinary hamsters.
This animal is also called dwarf and Russian, winter white. These hamsters grow up to ten to thirteen centimeters in length. They like to be friends with individuals of the same species, but do not tolerate the presence of other types of hamsters in the cage.
Now let’s talk about how to properly care for these fun and friendly animals.
The minimum cell size should be fifty by thirty centimeters. The most optimal size is from a hundred centimeters along the long side of the pallet. You can choose for your pet a two-story or even a three-story cage – for a hamster this does not matter much. To make it easier for the hamster to climb, choose a cage with horizontal bars. It is very important that the housing for the hamster was spacious and comfortable. Make sure that there is a drinking bowl in the cage, as well as separate bowls for dry and fresh food. In order for your pet to grind his teeth, you will need a mineral or chalk rodent stone. This will help maintain the required amount of minerals in the body of the animal. Also need a toilet. Since hamsters are very active, like to run, be sure to put a running wheel in the cage – it is better to have a solid surface so that your pet does not break the foot. Choose a wheel with a large diameter.
As filler for the cage, you can choose sawdust or napkins, toilet paper without any dyes or a special pressed or granular filler is also suitable. Do not use cotton wool as a filler, even a special one for hamsters will not work for this purpose. If the paw of your animal gets entangled in the fibers of cotton wool, then this can lead to impaired blood circulation and even death of the hamster.
It is important that the cage is in places where there are no drafts or heaters. Direct sunlight should not fall there. Your pet’s home should be out of the reach of children, it is important that there are no objects nearby that the hamster could drag into his cage and gnaw on.
You can feed hamsters with a wide variety of products. With pleasure, these animals will eat vegetables – carrots, cucumbers. They like fruits – grapes and apples, raisins. In addition, you can give them seeds and even worms.
How to keep hamsters right?
Remember that hamsters bite the moment they experience stress or fear. Therefore, if you have not tamed this animal, it is better to take it in your hands, wearing gloves. Walking around the apartment of this animal is not recommended – he can run away. It is also not recommended to take the hamster out to the street so that he does not catch a cold or simply does not run away from you.
Clean the cage no more than once a week – hamsters love to have a smell in their house after cleaning.
What can not be fed hamsters?
In no case do not feed hamsters salty and fatty, sweet and fried, as well as canned foods. They can’t eat various spices, honey and pasta, mushrooms.