How to feed a hamster, or treats for a small rodent
Like all animals, hamsters need a balanced diet. The diet of a rodent in natural and indoor conditions is different.
Hand Hamster Diet Must include Grain and Fresh Food
Hand hamsters are pampered with grain and fresh food, twigs, hay, minerals and vitamins, animal proteins.
Similar mixtures for parrots or rabbits differ in the range of products, therefore they are categorically not suitable.
The pet will like unique animal delicacies: crayons or sticks with grains that help to train the jaws and sharpen the teeth. You can occasionally spoil it with pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, a variety of nuts, but you should not be zealous with such treats.
You can’t do without greens and fruits on the menu. The best food is beets, carrots, corn, cucumbers, zucchini and pumpkin. It is undesirable to give cabbage, garlic and onions: they provoke bloating. Bananas, pears, peaches, apricots and apples will bring an important supply of vitamins.
Dried fruits are suitable: raisins, dried apricots and apples (prunes are prohibited). Dandelion leaves, lettuce, parsley, dill, yellow clover and sprouted wheat are a treasure of carbohydrates and useful components.
Thin branches of shrubs and fruit trees, birch, hay, dried spikelets of oats can be used as additional feeding.
In nature, hamsters do not drink liquid, getting the required moisture from fruits and vegetables, but in room conditions they need a special drinker with clean water. Bowls with liquid are not suitable: a pet can turn them over during games by wetting the litter. Weakened and elderly animals prepare a decoction of chamomile instead of water.
Industrial feed for hamsters Balanced by the composition of the ingredients, the package contains important information on the dosage and frequency of feedings
The animal’s tender stomach is not adapted to human food, therefore it is not recommended to share with them the remains of dishes from the table. Rodents eat everything indiscriminately, not understanding where healthy products are, where not.
Treats with spices, sweets, fatty and salty ingredients are deadly for hamsters of all breeds and species. It is forbidden to pamper your pet with exotic fruits: tangerines, oranges, pomegranates, persimmons, avocados and kiwi are prohibited on the menu.
It is undesirable to give watermelons, potatoes and cabbage – they provoke indigestion.
Do not feed your pet with pine cones, seeds from plums, peaches and apricots, nuts in a hard shell. A hamster can damage teeth, cheek bags, and injure an oral cavity with such food. Grain seeds with seeds contain toxic components, therefore dangerous. You can also not give bread, cheese and milk: these products are not digested, harm the intestines, activating constipation or disorders.
What hamsters eat at home: how to feed them and what kind of food they like
With the advent of favorite pets in the house, a lot of worries arise. Nutrition is the main focus of animal care. Hamsters are small rodents, but just like any pet, they need good nutrition.
What do hamsters eat at home, what do hamsters eat in their natural habitat?
Small pets are very popular among families with babies. Fluffy hamsters are often bought as adults and children like them. The activity and health of small rodents will depend on their nutrition and care. A properly composed diet affects the development of any pet.
To understand how to properly feed a hamster, you need to know what is included in their natural diet. It is known that for hamsters, the natural habitat are steppes and fields. In such an area, they dig burrows for housing. They not only inhabit them, but also stock up on products. The main food for these cute fluffy rodents is cereal plants. The basis of their diet is:
- millet and other cereals.
During the winter colds, these stocks are gradually eaten and in the spring, rodents are forced to switch to animal protein foods. It includes:
- Butterflies and other insects.
Larger rodents sometimes prey on small animals. Animals need different vitamins, so they eat vegetables and fruits – beets, apples, pears, carrots and other common species.
Judging by the diet in the natural environment, hamsters are omnivores. They can be fed different foods, but in small portions.
How to feed hamsters at home
Biological mechanisms are also relevant at home. The diet in the natural environment must be taken into account when creating the menu for your hamster.
The upper and lower jaw of these rodents has structural features. They have large incisors without roots. They grow throughout the life of the animal. Due to this feature of large hamster incisors should eat solid food. Due to this, the teeth will not be able to grow too large. Too large incisors will interfere with him while eating.
Hamsters have cheek pouches in which he lays food. During the meal, the animal puts about 20% of its food into the natural pantry and then eats it in a secluded place.
Diet: what can hamsters eat
Keeping hamsters at home is easy. However, when you bring this cute creature home, you need to know the better and more useful it is to feed it. Homemade food should not be very different from natural food.
The basis of the diet should be cereals buckwheat, oats, wheat, barley. And also in the mixture you need to add legumes – peas, beans, lentils, beans. Very often, pumpkin, melon and sunflower seeds are added to the finished feed. It is good to add nuts to the home food – cashews, walnuts, hazelnuts, chickpeas and others.
Fresh greens – a mandatory supplement in your daily diet. Mostly used parsley, lettuce, dill, clover, dandelion, nettle.
Little rodents are happy to eat vegetables and fruits. They are necessary for the full development and growth of the pet. Fruits and vegetables in the diet will help strengthen immunity. In winter it is more difficult to provide it with such types of products, but they can be given in dried form. Also, hamsters use frozen berries, fruits and some types of vegetables.
From the home table you can not give food to the rodent. What do hamsters like, what goodies? If there is a desire to pamper it delicious, then it is best to give the hamster the following products:
- Sprouts of bamboo and wheat.
- Branches of deciduous and fruit trees in spring.
Hamsters love to chew on tree branches that cleanse their teeth, as well as saturate the animal’s body with all the vital vitamins and minerals.
For the normal development of a domestic rodent protein food is needed. The best option is boiled chicken, but without salt and spices. You can offer earthworms, shrimp meat. A good source of protein is eggs (quail or chicken). They can not be given more than twice a week.
A good option dairy products – homemade yogurt or kefir up to 1% fat. Fatter foods cause a digestive problem. If they arise due to such products, you can give the hamster a rice decoction to restore the digestive tract.
These cute animals in the daytime almost always sleep and are active closer to the night. In this regard, the main meal occurs in the evening.
Preferably give food at one time, so that the hamster gets used to his food schedule. Cooked food in the feeder should always be fresh and balanced.
In the evening it is recommended to give him cereals and a mixture of cereals. In the evening, you can also give a treat.
In the morning, it is better to offer lighter foods, for example, greens and vegetables. Of great importance is the quality of the products so that they are fresh and natural.
Now we know what hamsters can eat, what foods they like. There is also food that is classified as a prohibited species. Every caring owner should understand that not all food products will benefit a domestic animal.
These include fatty and salty foods, smoked and sweet dishes. It is also not recommended to give citrus and exotic fruits. Prohibited garlic, cabbage, onions, watermelon, potatoes.
Before introducing new food into the diet, it is worth considering whether the hamster eats such food in its natural habitat. The more natural the food, the more benefit it will bring to the animal and it will have fewer health problems.
Hamsters Drinking Mode
Any animal must have drinking water in its cage. As for hamsters, the basis of their nutrition is dry cereal feed. In this regard, they need constant access to fresh water.
If you give them fruits, vegetables and greens, rodents are not so willing to drink water. Despite this, the drinking bowl should be washed regularly and fill with fresh water.
And also, it is worth making sure that in the cage the rodent has running wheel. Sometimes a hamster is released from the house so that he runs around the room under supervision. Such walks will help to avoid obesity when he becomes an adult.
If you follow all the rules of feeding, the pet will maintain good health for a long time. He will be active, fluffy and beautiful.