Every owner who cares about his hamster wants to treat his pet with something tasty – whether it be a vegetable, fruit or berry, and then watch how the animal feasts on treats, stuffing it by the cheeks. But do not forget that not all fruits and vegetables can be given to a rodent, even if they are grown in your garden or in the garden. So what to feed a hamster at home, you ask. We will try to answer this question in this article.
To begin with, everything that is bought on the market can be dangerous for the health of your pet, since you do not know where, how, and using what technologies the purchased bunch of parsley or salad was grown. Maybe he was grown near the highway with heavy traffic, or processed with a huge amount of fertilizer and pesticides. And then it happens that you gave a little to this pet, and the cheerful hamster wilted after a while, he got vomiting, increased salivation, convulsions or paralysis began.
And it will be good if you manage to help the rodent in time by applying emetics and washing the hamster’s stomach. If you do not see signs of poisoning in time or do not help the pet, then most likely it will end sadly. It is regrettable, but every year many hamsters die from poisoning, lettuce or. And the owners just wanted to pamper their favorites fresh.
Remember! the safest food for the hamster will be vegetables, herbs and fruits grown by you or your loved ones.
To begin with, we will consider what most often grows in our personal plots. This is greenery. , salad, as well as leaves of dandelion, plantain and clover, you can feed your pet, he will like this treat. But at the same time, juicy greens can be a dangerous hamster, because it can absorb harmful substances from air and soil.
The rodent grass must be collected away from the roads, rinsed well and dried before feeding the rodent. What grass can a hamster and how to collect it we told.
Parsley has a laxative effect, which is why it must be given to rodents in small quantities. And from the diet of pregnant and lactating females, this product must be completely removed.
Hamster should be given leaf lettuce with caution, as it is a succulent plant. But sorrel, green shoots of onions and garlic can not feed the animal. Celery can be rodents, but it is very juicy and therefore it is likely that such food will harm. Therefore, it is worth giving up.
To grind your teeth, offer a hamster a branch of deciduous or fruit trees. Such as birch, beech, maple, poplar, oak, willow, cherry, apple or pear. A branch of coniferous trees is not allowed to rodents, because they contain tar, harmful to hamsters. Twigs should be collected away from roads and before feeding the pet wash in boiling water.
What vegetables can hamsters
Regarding the opinions are very different. Some believe that all varieties of cabbage are useful for hamsters, except for red cabbage, from which the stomach swells in animals. Others believe that cabbage is very difficult for the digestive system of a rodent, so it should not be given. Our opinion is that a hamster can be fed with cauliflower and broccoli, but it is better for a pet to refrain from feeding other varieties of this healthy vegetable.
You can treat your favorite tomato, but in small quantities. But sweet you can feed the hamster without restrictions.
You can also invite your pet to enjoy cucumber if you are sure that it is free of nitrates and other harmful substances. The hamster will not refuse pumpkin and zucchini. For feeding rodents use only the young fruits of zucchini. A pumpkin can not be fed animals under two weeks of age.
It contains a lot of starch, so it is not recommended to give it. But occasionally you can give the hamster a small piece of raw or boiled potato if the pet tolerates this product well.
You can feed the hamster with beets, but there will be no benefit from this vegetable. Better offer a rodent or radish – these vegetables are rich in vitamins and will only bring benefits to the pet. They can be given to small animals at least every day.
It is not worth it to treat the hamster with fresh green peas; before feeding the pet with this vegetable, it should be heat-treated. You can treat your pet with baby pea puree or offer young asparagus sprouts.
What about berries and fruits
When offering a hamster or berries, first remove the seeds from them. After all, your pet chews everything, including the bones of apples, cherries, containing toxic substances that can be fatal for a rodent.
If you have a dwarf hamster, then feeding him sweet fruits and berries is undesirable. Since these animals are prone to diabetes, it is safer to exclude such fruits and berries from their diet, preferring vegetables.
Most fruits are sweet and juicy, and they quickly deteriorate. Therefore, the animal should be given small pieces of this tasty treat, and remove all the half-eaten pieces from the cage and discard so that your pet does not get poisoned by a spoiled fruit or berry.
The most popular fruit for feeding hamsters is this. Sweet animals are best suited for these animals, but rodents do not need to give sour and unripe fruits. Also, do not feed your pet fruit with traces of rot. It is not recommended to offer apples to small hamsters up to two weeks of age, they may develop ascites – fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavity.
Some varieties cause a laxative effect, so this fruit should be given in small quantities.
Apricots, peaches, plums, cherries and cherries can be given, but in small quantities and not more than once a week.
In winter, when there is no fresh fruit, you can treat the hamster with dried fruits. You can give rodents, dried apricots, banana chips, dried apples and pears. Before feeding dried apples and pears, they must first be soaked in water for 2-4 hours.
You can feed the hamster with berries – your pet will be very happy with such a treat. Raspberries must be given in small quantities, or not at all – it weakens. Also, do not give rodents sour berries such as barberry or sea buckthorn. Excess acid will not bring any benefit to a small animal.
You can offer your pet a small berry. The grapes must be ripe – the pet cannot be ripened and fermented. Carefully observe the pet, if your hamster does not eat the whole berry, remove the leftovers and discard so that the grapes do not rot and spoil all the stored supplies, and does not lead to poisoning of the animal.
When choosing food, you need to take into account the age, habits, health status of the pet. To choose the right diet, it is worth familiarizing yourself with the nature and behavioral characteristics of rodents in the wild. Hamsters drink little liquids, they save the bulk of feed “in reserve”, so if your pet is trying to bury food in a secluded place in the cage – do not interfere with it, but rather reduce the portion of food.
What can and cannot feed hamsters?
Cereal mix . The feed should be in the form of granules or a mixture of seeds. Most often these are cereals (oats, wheat), millet, corn, seeds (pumpkin, watermelon, sometimes sunflower), peas, beans. Sometimes you can give nuts: cashews, pinecones, peanuts, walnuts. Also, dried berries can be included in the food, pieces of fruit – an additional treat for rodents. The feeder should not always be empty, because then the hamster will think that the food is running out and will begin to make strategic reserves. In winter and autumn, hamsters can be given whole grain bread; in summer, their consumption is reduced.
Green feed . All greenery should be collected away from the roads, if possible outside the city. You can give leaves of dandelion, plantain, clover, meadow herbs, lettuce, beetroot and carrot tops. It is useful for hamsters and sprouted grain (oats and wheat). In winter, rodents should not lack hay. For grinding the cutters give tree branches (previously washed and scalded with boiling water) – apple tree, linden, maple, birch, willow, raspberry, blackcurrant, rosehip, pear and others.
Vegetables and fruits . It is possible and necessary to add pieces of vegetables and fruits to the diet of a rodent. It can be carrots, zucchini, beets, tomatoes, cucumbers, potatoes, pumpkins, bell peppers. As for fruits, these are slices of apples, peaches, apricots, bananas, pears, in winter you can give soaked unsweetened dried fruits. Berries – strawberries, currants, strawberries, raspberries, blueberries, cherries.
"Crickets should occupy about 3% in the diet of small rodents, which will significantly improve the health status of the animal. This is especially important when animals are born." reported to Anneke Vermelin-Slick. European expert and pet breeder with a total experience of over 45 years. For the past 15 years, Anneke has been the secretary of the Committee of Dutch Standards for Rabbits and Rodents, as well as a member of the board (and formerly chairman) of the Dutch Club of Rodent Lovers.
ONTO Biotechnology company launched the production of canned food crickets. This is a unique product that contains only whole, fresh crickets, in which there are no preservatives, chemicals, or medicines. Insects were grown on their own eco-farm, under the strict supervision of specialists. Therefore, cricket is very useful for rodents.
Household cricket (Acheta domesticus) is used as a dietary, healthy product that contains a lot of protein, calcium, chitin, 9 amino acids, OMEGA-3 and OMEGA-9 polysaturated fatty acids, vitamin B12, oligosaccharides. These insects are low in fat, so animals will not gain weight.
It is recommended to give fresh food in the morning, and grain in the evening. There is less likelihood that the hamster will “tidy up” a perishable product in reserve. When choosing ready-made feeds, try to take mixtures that include a minimum of sunflower seeds: hamsters really love this delicacy and often choose only it from the bowl, and the rest of the food disappears. The packaging must be airtight, it indicates the expiration date and composition of the product – pay attention to this.
You can not give the hamster products from his desk, exotic fruits, mushrooms, flour, fatty dairy products, sweets, garlic, onions, sorrel, cabbage.
The birthplace of a charming domestic hamster is steppe regions. These are harsh lands with winds and droughts. The steppes do not differ in the diversity of vegetation, so the hamster’s natural diet is quite limited. In the wild, the animal is not easy to survive. The environment left its mark on the eating habits of the animals and adapted them to the surrounding environment.
Hamsters in nature are distinguished by excellent appetite and are almost omnivorous. On his menu are all kinds of seeds, cereals, nuts. He will enjoy a berry with pleasure, gnaw at tree branches. A thrifty animal stores several kilograms of various seeds in its pantry, carefully sorting them by species.
By spring, the food supply is drawing to a close. After hibernation, a hungry animal enjoys leaning on protein food. Snails, worms, insects, small animals help him recover and gain strength. However, in the fall, he also will not refuse to eat a worm or a caterpillar. Another addition to the spring diet is young greens.
I want to indulge in fluffy delicious, but first you should think about whether he has access to such products in his natural habitat and whether new treats for hamsters will harm him.
How to feed a hamster at home – we proceed from a natural diet
The main food of the hamster is groats. Almost everything will suit him: wheat, barley, buckwheat, oats and cereal from them. Like a hamster and legumes – peas, beans. Seeds of pumpkin, sunflower, hazelnuts and cashew nuts.
A useful and pleasant addition will be greens. Clover, dandelion, young nettle and lettuce leaves are loved by pets.
The hamster will be pleased with berries, fruits and vegetables. Bell pepper, carrot, apple are a very good choice. You can give thawed berries. Dried fruits are also suitable, the main thing is that they are homemade, without the use of sugar and preservatives.
As a protein component of the hamster, from time to time you can offer an earthworm, a piece of boiled chicken without salt and spices, shrimp.
Important: seeds and nuts can only be raw and dried. It is necessary to exclude fried, salted, candied, with additives, dyes and spices. The hamster’s liver is not suitable for such tests.
Different sources come across conflicting feeding recommendations. Consider the controversial products in more detail.
- parsley. Greens need hamsters, but parsley has a powerful diuretic and laxative effect. It is used as a powerful element in all kinds of cleansing diets. It is unlikely that a twig of this green will kill a small animal, but it will provide him with suffering from diarrhea and dehydration.
- dairy products and curd also cause controversy. You can try with a small amount and look at individual tolerance.
- Beets are often recommended as a source of vitamins. A number of sources indicate that it’s useless as a hamster’s food, although it also does no harm.
Is it possible for hamsters to eat controversial products, and what can happen is better not to check. There are many allowed components, they are available, you should not experiment on a dependent small creature.
Hamster Sanctions: Health Hazardous Products
Hamster should be excluded from the menu
- greasy. Allowed nuts and seeds should also be limited due to high fat content;
- salty. The conventional image of a mouse with a piece of fat killed many domestic rodents. Salt is a slow poison for a hamster.
- smoked. The digestive system of a small pet is not intended for culinary delights. No need to share with the hamster, generosity is inappropriate here.
- sweets. Everything is sweet – sugar, honey, maple and Jerusalem artichoke syrups, raisins and other healthy foods are not for the hamster. Sweets unbalance the work of his body and provide a slow, painful death. Watermelons, grapes, melons and other very sweet foods are also banned. Add potato with an excess of starch to this.
- sour: citruses, sorrel, rhubarb, exotic fruits, tomatoes.
- spicy. Garlic, onions, their greens. Spices, seasonings, wild garlic – all this is not for the hamster.
- vegetables and fruits that cause gas formation make the hamster suffer from bloating and diarrhea. From the diet you need to remove cabbage, fresh peas.
How to pamper your pet?
If almost all products from the human table are banned, why please your puss?
The hamster’s tastes are peculiar.
- Sprigs of fruit and fruit trees. The hamster’s teeth grow all his life, he needs to grind them. Solid food added to the hamster’s diet allows you to maintain the desired length. Twigs need to be cut off from the road in a clean place. Pour boiling water at home and rinse with dust and dirt.
- Chumiza, or capitate millet.
- Moth and moth larvae.
- Milk thistle
- Flax seed
- Homemade dried fruits.
- Bulgarian pepper.
Understanding how to feed a hamster outside of nature at home is not so simple. Sometimes organizing proper feeding becomes uncomfortable.
There are separate rations for the Dzungarian and Syrian hamsters. You can offer the hamster several types to choose from and stop at the one that suits his taste.
Tip: if you carefully observe which component of the mixture the hamster chooses first, you can understand how to pamper him.
Vitamin supplements and additional components can be used, but first you need to study the composition on the packaging with food. An overdose of certain vitamins can lead to illness and baldness.
A drinker with fresh water should always be in the cage. The water should be clean, offering the hamster milk, yogurt or herbal infusions should not be. An exception is direct instructions from a veterinarian.
Behavioral features and feeding hamsters
The hamster is closely monitoring the changing season. He tries to hide part of the proposed food by the cheeks and save for the winter in his pantry. In winter, grains, nuts, dried herbs are stored there. Unfortunately for the animal, its reserves in the cage must be periodically destroyed. At home, he stockpiles pieces of fruit and vegetables on which mold and rot appear. After cleaning, the hamster is very upset, but he will be comforted by nuts and seeds, which can be left in return for the lost good.
The change of seasons in nature involves a change in diet. At home, the hamster does not hibernate. Protein food is offered to him a couple of times a week. The exception is a pregnant female, she needs protein daily.
The hamster is fed once a day, in the evening. In the morning you can offer something non-nutritious, a slice of an apple or carrot. How much to feed a hamster is indicated on the feed packaging. You can look at the health of the pet. If there is a lot of food left, or if excess weight appears, the menu must be adjusted.
Important: in nature, a hamster can run several kilometers, collecting reserves. Living at home, animals are prone to obesity. A running wheel will help him keep fit and stay healthy throughout his life.
A domestic hamster compared to a wild fellow. true master. Indeed, in the steppe or on the field, no one offers the rodent vitamin fruits and vegetables to the rodent and vitamins in the dosage form.
And the animals have to be content with what God sends. And in the place of their natural residence, God sends mainly cereals and fruits of legumes, sunflowers and corn. because their diet is full only in the warm season , when you can enjoy fresh berries.
It is known that hamsters are very thrifty, because they do not starve even in adverse weather conditions: they exist due to stocks dragged underground in cheek pouches.
How to feed hamsters
This same food should be present in the homa feeder constantly. The composition of the mixture contains carefully selected and appropriately processed products that will not harm the pet.
Despite the fact that the food is for parrots and songbirds, as well as for rodents. guinea pigs, rats. basically grain, but hamsters can’t eat it: the composition there is completely different.
As for the types of dry food, sometimes, literally two times a week, you can give out fluff or seeds as a treat. sunflower or pumpkin. Why so rare? And because these products are part of the main feed.
But what should never be done is to regale the hamster with shell nuts or fruit seeds, which seems to help the rodent to abrade its long teeth. However, here you can achieve the opposite effect: both to break your teeth, and injure your mouth or pouch. And besides, the nucleoli of stone fruits contain hydrocyanic acid. the strongest poison.
To grind the teeth, a special “biting” stick is placed in the cage. boiled and dried twig of some country (environmentally friendly!) tree, whether it be a birch, hazel or apple tree.
Knowing that hamsters “sweep” everything that falls into their paws, one must carefully monitor so that something harmful such as sweets does not get into them. they don’t know about their harm!
And although many people, by their ignorance, believe that these rodents are omnivorous, there is one immutable rule: they should not be given “human” food with all its set of fats, sugar, salt and even spices. What can hamsters be given with food?
Juicy and green food must certainly be on the hamster’s menu, and the products must be fresh and thoroughly washed.
Of vegetables, most preferably:
- green leaf lettuce.
In addition to lettuce, you can add parsley and dill, dandelion leaves and yellow clover to the list of necessary greens. Naturally, they should not be collected on the side of the road, but away from the highway and the city outskirts.
Green weed for hamster food can be grown in a pot on the windowsill , sowing into the ground grains that the hamster did not hamster.
Starting from two months of age, the hamster can get a little apple. Let him currant. A “laxative” pear and apricot (as we recall, without a seed) should be dispensed in small quantities, and very rarely given. as a treat.
Useful animals and dried fruits. apples, raisins, dried apricots. The exception is prunes.
It is impossible
Forbidden include almost all fruits of exotic origin:
And protein is needed
Any living organism needs constant replenishment of protein. Hamsters, of course, are no exception. For this they need to get a protein supplement every day. It may consist of the following products:
- boiled egg
- low fat
- boiled (without salt and spices) chicken breast,
- low-fat boiled fish,
- sprouts of oats or bean plants mash.
The pet should receive all this alternately twice a week.
What you can’t feed is whole milk, cheese and bread.
These products are poorly absorbed and can create problems with the rodent’s stomach and intestines, causing indigestion, prolonged constipation and even death of the puss.
Have a drink, homa? Where is the water?
If it seems to you that the hamster does not need water, because he “hardly drinks it,” then this is a profound mistake.
He drinks, of course, but not in the same quantities as his masters, and his drinker may remain half empty. The water in it must be changed daily, and this should not be boiled or distilled, i.e. devoid of all "living" nutrients, and ordinary drinking. You can filter it.
Menu for Dzungarian hamsters
Speaking about the diet of hamsters, one must take into account what kind they belong to. What do Jungar hamsters eat at home? These hamsters are really omnivorous, but this does not mean that this “everything” can be given to them. Ideally, their home menu should not differ much from what Mother Nature presents him in the wild. Ready-mixed dry mixes are ideal. , but since they differ in composition and quality, you need to carefully monitor whether your pet likes this or that set. Jungarik is able to ignore what he does not like.
You can prepare a similar mixture at home, if you mix such products in equal amounts:
- legumes, in particular beans, peas, beans, lentils,
- oats or oatmeal,
A good addition would be sunflower or pumpkin seeds. Every day, Dzungarian hamsters should receive something from nuts:
As for parsley, it is worth remembering: having a laxative effect, it is contraindicated in pregnant hamsters.
Of course, the diet of the Dzungarian hamsters should also include fresh fruits with berries, but in limited quantities , since this species of rodent has a tendency to diabetes.
Dried fruits, including banana chips, should be given a little.
In general, zoologists believe that it is much more useful. vegetables, whose list is wide enough. In addition to the root crops and pumpkin, already mentioned, these are:
- – broccoli, peking, colored,
- fresh corn
- cucumber (preferably grown on a summer garden. without pesticides),
- tomato (with the same reservation!),
- green beans.
Opinions differ on the use of radish and radish. You can experiment, but is it worth the risk: after all, without them your pet will not remain hungry!
And hamsters’ favorite treats are bamboo shoots, sprouted grains of wheat, oats, alfalfa. And it is quite appropriate to offer rodents to gnaw cherry, maple, birch or apple twigs. any other deciduous or fruit tree. This is not only useful for the hamster’s teeth, but also for his entire body.
What is impossible for the jungarik?
Citrus fruits are harmful, as is a dessert made from sour berries such as barberry or sea buckthorn. White cabbage is hardly digested by the stomachs of dwarf rodents, sometimes this even leads to the death of the babies.
Under no pretext should you give food from the hosts table: fatty, fried, flour dishes are fatal for pets.
And the following extensive list is shortly named. not allowed!
How to feed the Syrian?
There are no large differences in the diet of these two types of hamsters. Maybe the main feature. greater commitment to grain feed.
When compiling the menu for the Syrian hamster, one must take into account both the age and state of his health, as well as the taste preferences of the pet.
About balanced grain mixtures have already been described above. Such food is recommended to be given in the mornings and evenings in the amount of one tablespoon.
Cereals and legumes, protein top dressing, greens, fresh vegetables and fruits. the set is almost the same.
It is useful for females awaiting addition in the family to obtain cereal cereals.
What is useful for the baby?
Hamster cubs, like human babies, need to be fed little by little, but often. In the first three months of life, nutrition at a hamster should be special.
A bowl with dry food should always be in the cage of a small rodent, and what to eat, what to leave. at his discretion. But the owner will soon be able to determine his tastes and preferences.
Wet food crumbs can be offered only one of a kind per day, otherwise the delicate ventricle will react with the disorder.
A leaf of fresh garden salad, sprouted peas, wheat, beans can act as green fodder. Besides the fact that they are vitamin “dishes”, they are still tasty, nutritious and useful for growing hamster organisms.
But treating kids with such goodies as watermelon or strawberries is not worth it.
For all types of hamsters, two meals a day are recommended. breakfast and dinner.
Experts believe that fresh food is more appropriate in the morning, and dry. in the evenings, then, traditionally hidden, it will not go bad.
Serving sizes depend on the size of the rodent. it can be one, and four tablespoons. However, the volume of a single serving should not be made large. Thrifty hamsters, if you put more food in the feeder than they can eat, can simply hide it somewhere in their bins, and then she takes it and goes bad. Do not poison the hamster!
New types of feed are introduced into the menu gradually, with very small pieces. as the animal gets used to it.
For dwarf species of hamsters, select a “convenient” feed size. to easily hide in cheek pouches.
If you managed to notice that not all of the food was eaten. remove excess immediately. Spoiled, it will lead to a stomach upset in the pet.
Keep track of the expiration date of the purchased finished feed, even if it looks pretty decent. Often, even one of the components can make the feed toxic.
The diet of all mammals, which include hamsters, requires fullness and balance. Each owner knows the age, individual characteristics of his pet, his habits, really estimates his physical activity, and, focusing on all these indicators, taking into account the time of year, he should be able to select the products necessary for the pet. If you organize the food properly, the hamster will live in contentment and health until the very hamster old age.
How to feed a hamster at home? Hm. Easier said than not fed. Because these rodents eat everything. But this does not mean that the owners should carelessly throw any product into the cage. Some food is deadly, but the animal eats it anyway. Well, we will discuss it comprehensively.
“A day, one adult hamster can be given no more than 2 tbsp. l stern". Who came up with this phrase? Rodent food should always be. Maybe he will eat just a teaspoon. But, if there are few products in the feeder, then he will begin to stock up instead of a normal diet. Moreover, without completely disassembling it, it is a raw carrot or seeds. Then all this good begins to rot, mold and stink. Do you need it?
Do not be greedy, put the hamster more food. He will understand that you don’t need to worry about the future, and he eats no more than what is supposed to be.
"Sometimes a hamster can be pampered with sausage or sausages." What nonsense. The current sausage contains so many “useful” substances that Mendeleev with his table would cry with envy. And then feed the poor animal!
No sausages, smoked meats and fish! Just one bite can kill your rodent.
"Boil the hamster porridge in milk, adding a little sugar and salt for taste." More like a recommendation on how to kill an animal. Because:
- Hamsters should not be given milk! By the way, cheese is also undesirable. You can once a week a small piece of fresh cottage cheese, and it is better to replace it with boiled chicken protein.
- Sugar and salt are strictly prohibited! This is deadly. And a tiny dose is enough.
- Groats are given to hamsters only in raw form. Cooked can cause constipation and severe gas formation.
One gets the impression that such unfortunate advisers generally write from the bulldozer and the hamster has never been seen even in the picture.
“To grind your teeth, put pine or spruce branches in a cage.” In principle, hamsters need wood. But not coniferous. Let it be twigs of any hardwood. Be sure to wash them, and if possible clean them from the bark.
"Hamsters are steppe animals and can do without water for a long time." Another heresy. Only camels can do without water for a long time. And hamsters need it. Therefore, there should always be liquid in the drinker.
By the way, you may not observe how much the rodent drinks. It may seem to you that the fluid is not decreasing. But then he is a hamster, not a camel, to drink just a little bit. Do not hesitate, he does it regularly.
“If there was no special feed on the market, then purchase for any other rodents.” No, it’s just some kind of mockery! I would also be advised to buy cat or dog food. To be sure.
Do not hesitate, the hamster eats anyone, but then do not be surprised at the sudden death or illness of the animal. It’s better not to buy anything at all than to do such experiments.
"Sometimes give your rodent a slice of pineapple or avocado." What nonsense! Where did such exotic fruits come from in the steppe? In general, if you are in doubt whether it is possible to give a pet some product, then just turn on the logic. In the natural environment this occurs. then feel free to offer the hamster. In the steppe zone, this does not grow. so give up the venture.
For example, bread, cookies, crackers. No doubt, most rodents love these products. But bread doesn’t grow on trees. Accordingly, the hamster is not recommended to give such a treat, even sometimes.
Or almonds. Well, like nuts, can they be something for rodents? But no. Almond. it’s not a nut, but a kernel from a stone. Everyone knows that hydrocyanic acid. this is poison. And that it is contained in the kernels of almost all stone fruits: apricots, almonds, plums, cherries. Your hamster will quickly stretch its paws from such treats. And yes, these trees do not grow in the steppe.
How to make a diet for a hamster yourself
This is actually very simple. For full development, the daily menu should include cereals and cereals, succulent and animal feed, vitamin supplements. All food must be fresh and clean. So, what to feed a hamster with?
Cereal feed. Oats, wheat, corn, rice (a little), barley. Nuts (in small quantities), seeds of sunflower, melon, watermelon, pumpkin. Buckwheat, sesame, millet, and oats. But bean is better not to get involved. The digestive system of a hamster can react to them very unexpectedly.
Juicy feed. For the most part, this is fresh grass (dandelions, carrot and beet tops, clover, plantain, meadow plants). You can also give slices of carrots, apples, pumpkins, zucchini. Beets, bell peppers, tomatoes. it is also given raw. But giving potatoes is not recommended, even boiled.
By the way, dried fruits and vegetables are suitable as a treat. Just not candied fruit! And do not abuse, give them occasionally and a little. The same rule applies to fresh berries (currants, cherries, raspberries, strawberries, cherries).
Vitamin supplements. You can’t throw a piece of chalk into the cage and think that this is enough. Minerals should be pretty hamster to the fullest. And, no matter how varied the menu is, there will always be something missing.
- the hamster will receive all the vitamins and minerals
- the animal will have to grind long teeth
As you can see, everything is solved quite easily. Just don’t drag any cobblestone from the street! There are no nutrients in it. Your hamster will not be interested in a hamster.
What else to treat your pet
Hay. The most common meadow, your area. Just cut it into pieces of about 11-14 cm. So the hamster will not be able to get entangled in it and will not cram completely behind the cheeks, risking scratching his mouth.
Jerusalem artichoke, radish, squash, green peas in pods. Green salad, sprouted grains of wheat along with sprouts, dill, parsley.
To avoid a lack of protein, you can give a piece of cooked chicken meat without spices and once a week. Perfectly replaced with peeled boiled shrimp. Again without fanaticism.
Dried apricots and raisins can be given, but occasionally. The fact is that these products contain a large amount of sugar, so if you abuse them, the hamster may begin to become obese.
And further. All nuts must be unshell, otherwise the hamster will hurt his cheeks. By the way, acorns and bumps, as some sources recommend, cannot be given to rodents. Their teeth are perfectly ground, but there is no use at all. For the same reason, hamsters do not give pasta in any form.
How to feed a hamster at home? A balanced diet. Just do not buy cheap ready-made feed. They still can not provide a complete diet. It’s much easier to create a rodent menu yourself. It’s not difficult, and how much does your hamster need there?