Dzungarian hamster. A popular rodent in our country. Distinctive feature. borefoot and catchy colors of a lined foggy smoky coat.
The animals are small, but not quite dwarfs either. The average length of an adult. 10 cm, weight does not exceed 65 g.
All representatives of the breed along the center of the back (from the crown to the tail) stretches a longitudinal, well-defined strip of dark gray or black. On the head, it forms a triangle, smoothly passing to the back of the nose. The rest of the fur coat has a gray tint with small white spots.
In addition to the standard color combining brown, gray and white, the Dzungarian hamsters have others:
- sapphire. a combination of gray and smoky blue hues;
- pearls. the main color is white, interrupted at regular intervals by gray stripes;
- mandarin. a combination of red and cream.
With any color, the abdomen is most often white or very light gray.
There are also absolutely white Dzungarian hamster. The animal of such a “style” is difficult to separate into a separate standard group. The fact is that:
- in some cases, color is lost due to congenital genetic deformity when the baby is born an albino. At the same time, breeders simply fix the trait during breeding work.
- in others, the appearance of white pets. there is a natural physiological process. So, during intense molting during the cold season, all Dzungarian hamsters turn white (except for the dark band). Usually, within a month and a half, the old hair changes to a new one and the animal acquires a natural color.
Dzungarian hamsters belong to the genus of borefoots: their legs and feet are completely covered with short whitish hairs, which cannot be seen in other “relatives” of the large animal family of hamsters.
The ears are small, rounded, the auricle is lined with a white fluff inside, and a black border extends along its edge. The tail is very short (it is almost invisible).
People often ask: “Which hamster is better Dzungarian or Syrian?”. apparently bearing in mind the look. Only there is no answer to the question: taste and color, as they say. Syrians have a brighter color, while Dzungarian hamsters are characterized by calm tones.
Care and maintenance of the Dzungarian hamster requires a minimum set of knowledge. Only conditions close to the natural habitat will make the baby’s life comfortable and long.
As a place of residence, it is better to acquire a glass or plastic terrarium. so the animal will definitely not run away. One rodent should have at least 0.15 square meters. m of usable area, that is, the length of the walls should be 30 and 50 cm.
Aquarium (terrarium) should not have too high walls. Firstly, in such a dwelling it is impossible to provide normal ventilation. Secondly, the glass will sweat, and therefore it will be a great place for the reproduction of microbes, which can affect the health of the baby.
By the way, keeping pets is better alone. In a couple or a large company, clashes often arise, animals injure each other and may even die in the next battle for territory. Even if Dzungarian hamsters behave peacefully, then this does not mean friendly relations. most likely, they live in constant stress, expecting an attack at any moment.
- litter. sand, sawdust, they should absorb moisture and absorb odor well, do not use cotton wool, newspaper, toilet paper and various rags;
- litter tray;
- a house with manholes, it is not necessary to buy it, you can create impromptu minks using roots, twigs and all kinds of plastic tubes;
- wheel. it is selected individually;
- drinking bowl and feeder.
Food for Dzhungar hamsters should be balanced in nutritional composition.
Pets can be fed with ready-made feeds of factory production or make a menu yourself.
What do hamsters eat Jungar hamsters? It is logical that rodents need to nibble something, so the ideal products for them would be:
- ears of corn;
- dried, fresh fruits and vegetables: apple, salad, cabbage, carrots;
- pumpkin seeds;
- grain mixtures – they should prevail;
- You can give a little boiled chicken or eggs. excellent source of building protein.
Do not forget about the water. a drinker with it should be present in the cage constantly. It must be changed more often, but at least once a day. By the way, animals like immigrants from the deserts do not drink much.
In matters of proper nutrition, it is important not only how to feed the Dzungarian hamsters, but also how many times a day to do it.
Typically, the feeder is filled in the morning and evening in such a way that there is little food left until the next feeding.
Dzungarian hamsters can not be fed with citruses, nuts and sunflower seeds.
Caring for the Dzungar hamsters at home will require a lot of strength and patience, especially if the owner. fresh air fighter. The less often you clean in the cage, the stronger the specific amber with far unpleasant ammonia notes.
Frequent cleaning will help to overcome the smell from the content of rodents in the apartment:
Ideally, dry cells are cleaned daily or at least once every two days; this includes the partial replacement of wet litter with dry litter, washing the feeders and drinking bowls.
Once a week, they thoroughly wash and disinfect the house with all its accessories.
The hair of the Dzungarian hamster requires care. Once every two weeks it is cleaned with special sand. Kids should never be bathed!
Features of life
Keeping Dzungarian hamsters at home requires the organization of their leisure, or rather motor activity. To maintain physical fitness, they acquire a wheel with a diameter of 15-20 cm.
Animals are nocturnal. In nature, they live in burrow-nests with several entrances and exits; therefore, it is advisable to put a small house or a cardboard box in the terrarium where animals can comfortably settle in.
At home, Dzungarian hamsters live from two to three years. a lot will depend on care and maintenance.
Like all rodents, Dzungarian hamsters. creatures are prolific, but you should not engage in reproduction at home: the reason is the same. excessive arrogance and mutual hostility.
Females mature by 6 weeks of age. Such an early pregnancy can be dangerous to health, so they are allowed in mating after reaching four months.
A pregnant animal is provided with peace; the male, who often behaves too aggressively with her, is necessarily imprisoned. Naturally, pay attention to the quality of feeding during gestation and subsequent lactation.
Do not disturb the newly minted mother immediately after birth. Sensing danger or being in deep stress, she will eat her cubs.
For one pregnancy, which lasts 21-26 days, the female brings up to 11 babies. They are weaned from their mother at the age of one month, while juveniles are seated by gender.
How to determine the gender of the Dzungarian hamster? The animal is laid with its back on the palm, holding the body with the thumb. When the pet calms down, pay attention to the distance between the genitals and the anus:
- in the male it is 0.5 cm, while in the center of the abdomen there is a tubercle (gland), similar to a navel;
- in the female, the tubercle is barely visible, and the distance tends to zero; also in females, two rows of nipples on the abdomen are clearly visible.
At one time, attempts were made to breed a new breed with the participation of Dzungarian hamsters. It turned out that they can give a viable offspring only from Campbell, with whom they are similar in appearance. True, the hybrids themselves will already be barren or give birth to weak, sick or stillborn cubs. When self-breeding, it is important to use only pure, non-hybrid individuals.
A common disease of hamsters of the Dzungarian hamsters is diabetes. To avoid health troubles, the diet should not have many monosaccharides contained in many fruits.
In addition, there are injuries, colds, dermatitis, infection with external parasites. Any altered condition of the animal requires immediate contact with a veterinary clinic.