It is not always possible to have a large animal at home. But you really want to have a furry pet! An excellent alternative are the Dzungarian hamsters. they are not whimsical to care for and eat regular foods at home. However, the diet of fluffy still needs to be carefully monitored.
The Dzungarian hamster belongs to the genus Borefoot hamsters. Under natural conditions, he lives in dry steppes and semi-deserts in Western Siberia and Khakassia. The animal can also be found in the mountains of Kazakhstan and China at an altitude of 2500 meters above sea level.
Dzungarian hamsters are dwarf breeds. The length of their body does not exceed 10 cm. The height of the animals is 5-6 cm, and the weight is 35-65 g. Seen from above, the animal’s body shape resembles an egg.
Domesticated animals differ from wild relatives in color. There are several varieties of color for pets:
- standard (taupe);
- sapphire (blue gray);
- tangerine (orange-cream);
- pearls (matte white with gray spots).
Dzungarian hamsters on the back have a dark gray or black stripe. It flows smoothly onto the animal’s head, forming a rhombus on the upper part of the muzzle. This is clearly visible in the photo. In animals on the abdomen, the hair is lighter or white. The line between the dark and light colors on the sides of the animal resembles connected arches. The hair of the hamsters is thick and fluffy.
The paws of animals are covered with white wool. They look like hands. When animals eat, they keep food in their forelegs. The Dzhungar hamsters have a pointed muzzle. Their small ears are covered with white wool inside. The eyes of the Dzungarian hamsters are black, resembling beads. The tail is so small that it is not visible under the coat.
Dwarf hamsters have a calm disposition. They give the impression of good-natured bouncers. Some animals make contact right after the first acquaintance with the owner. They hop onto the wearer’s palm, shoulders or head. However, most pets are mistrustful of the new owner.
Important! Animals have good health. But they can get sick due to malnutrition, poor hygiene, or stress.
Dzungarian hamster is afraid of drafts. Hypothermia quickly causes a cold in an animal. The pet begins to sniff and sneeze loudly. His fur grows dull and his ears are pressed against his head. To cure a hamster, you need to disinfect the cell and its contents with a special solution.
Babies also have a predisposition to diabetes. Therefore, you need to try less often to include in their diet foods rich in monosaccharides (raspberries, strawberries, bananas, melons, watermelons, beets, pumpkins, tomatoes, persimmons, dried fruits).
If before purchasing a hamster you want to create the most optimal living conditions for him, then you should take note of the following rules:
- Animals extremely quickly get used to human hands, but just as quickly and wean. They need constant attention, love when they play with them. Little hamsters especially love to run hand in hand.
- We do not recommend that you keep the hamster in the aquarium, as they quickly run wild there and will throw and bite at them when they see human hands. In the cages, hamsters feel much more comfortable.
- Immediately upon arrival home, the hamster needs to be settled in a finished housing. When moving, the animal is guaranteed to receive stress, because everything that he knew has disappeared.
- In most cases, if the female and male live together, after forty days they are completely ready to create offspring. Therefore, in such cases, you must be extremely careful.
- It is better not to buy and settle together same-sex Dzhungar hamsters, as this will certainly lead to hostility between them.
- Do not forget that hamsters are shy animals and can be stressed. In order not to harm the pet, do not take it as a toy, but treat it carefully and with love. It is best not to give the Dzungarian hamster to the hands of young children and not to try to tame forcibly the first days of acquaintance.
Many people consider Dzungarian hamsters to be ideal pets. Miniature animals do not take much time and do not require large maintenance costs. They have almost no smell. Hamsters are easily tamed and willingly play with children. Pets are active in the daytime, so during the day you can watch their games.
For a comfortable existence, the animal first of all needs a cage. It is best to give preference to galvanized frames, since a wooden or plastic hamster can easily bite through.
Also, when buying a house for your pet, you should pay attention to the following points:
- The cage should be spacious, because Dzungarian hamsters love movement, they do not sit still and constantly move.
- If you plan to get one animal, then it is desirable that the minimum size is 40×40 cm. If hamsters live as a couple, choose a larger cage.
- The cage can be two-story, but you should not choose too high. Dzungarian hamsters love to climb everywhere, but often break down and fall. When falling from a height, a fracture of the legs or tail is possible.
- The distance between the rods. minimum. Hamsters are very small and nimble, they can arrange an escape. Finding a fugitive is not always possible even in a small apartment.
- The door in the cage should fit snugly and close firmly. Curious animals will try to open it.
- It is desirable that the base of the cell was a low tray. It will not allow litter and debris to fly outside.
In the minks of animals in the wild, there are usually passages, labyrinths and pantries. For the pantry, you can purchase a ceramic house or make it yourself from wood or plywood. For these purposes, a cardboard box is suitable. It is installed upside down, and a passage is cut through the wall. After some time, a wooden or cardboard shelter will be damaged by the teeth of the Dzungarian hamster, then it will have to be replaced.
The passage at the house should be such that the animal can easily pass into it with its cheeks full.
Important! A hamster can sleep in the same house, or he can build himself a separate nest from pieces of paper. Each pet is individually.
The hamster needs to spend his energy and move a lot.
To do this, you must install in the cell:
- artificial labyrinth;
- spinning wheel.
Choose a wheel, taking into account that the jungle is very small. The spinner should be small and easy to spin so that the animal does not damage the spine.
Sawdust, wood chips or a special filler from corn and cellulose should be poured onto the bottom of the cage. You can put some paper torn into small pieces (hamsters love to build a nest out of paper).
Putting cotton in a cage or a synthetic filler (synthetic winterizer or holofiber) is not allowed. The legs of the animal become entangled in them, and when swallowed, the intestines become clogged.
A small bowl is used for food, and a nipple drinker is best for water. Dzhungar hamsters drink very little. If water is poured into a bowl, they will overturn it, and there will be dirt in the cage.
Due to their cleanliness, Dzungarian hamsters do not fulfill their natural needs throughout the cage, but organize a toilet seat in one of the corners.
There are a few simple rules that help keep the cell clean:
- General cleaning with a complete replacement of the litter causes severe stress on the hamster, so wash the cage no more than 1 time per week. To do this, use a sponge, simple laundry soap and hot water. You need to wash all the accessories: a bowl, a wheel, toys – everything that is in the cage.
- Clean the cage without waiting for a strong odor. Even with severe contamination, toxic chemicals such as bleach cannot be used. If necessary, use vinegar to remove stains from urine and odor, but rinse thoroughly after processing.
- Hamsters have a very sensitive psyche. Cleaning with rearrangement makes them nervous, especially with regard to feed reserves, which, obeying instinct, creates a small animal. If you constantly ravage the “pantry”, the jungler is stressed, unsuccessfully trying to find a more secluded place in the cage. Therefore, clean only spoiled products.
- To reduce stress from overhaul, leave a little old filler and napkins from the nest in the cage. And during cleaning, transplant the hamster into a small container so that the animal is less worried.
When the cage is equipped, the next thing to coordinate is the nutrition of the Dzungarian hamster.
The basis of the diet. this is a grain mix. The finished feed contains the necessary nutrients, vitamins and minerals, so that the nutrition of the Dzungarian hamster will be balanced and healthy.
Popular feed manufacturers:
In addition, Dzungarian hamsters eat vegetables, fruits, green shoots and even protein foods of animal origin.
Therefore, the diet of a small pet should consist of such components:
- Cereal mixes
The main food is a mixture of various crops: millet, wheat, oats, buckwheat. Grain should be given in a significant amount, about a spoon at a time. You need to observe how much the animal eats, as the grain must remain half-eaten so that the hamster can have a bite when it is hungry before you give it the next portion of food.
It is necessary to feed the vegetables of the Dzungar hamster so that he eats everything, and wet food does not decompose in the cage. If fresh vegetables are not eaten, they must be removed from the cage. Without fear, you can give: carrots, bell peppers, tomatoes, cucumber, pumpkin, zucchini, beets, radishes, lettuce.
Green peas and other legumes can be given, pre-doused with boiling water, or boiled a little and give grated in the form of mashed potatoes. Asparagus sprouts are very useful for a hamster.
Dzungarian hamsters can eat greens: dill, in limited quantities parsley, celery, dandelion, clover, plantain very useful for the body.
As a treat you can give some fruit, but not all and in limited quantities. Cherries, plums, cherries, apricots – these are real delicacies for a furry pet, often hamsters love them most.
Important! Sometimes, once or twice a week, animal protein is necessarily included in the diet: chicken meat, beef without fat, egg yolk, small crustaceans. The fat content of protein products should be less than 10%.
To protect the animal from undesirable consequences, the following products should be excluded from the diet:
- Cabbage. It leads to bloating in the hamster, it is very difficult for digestion, the animal can die by tasting such food.
- Tomatoes Their Dzungarian hamsters can be given in small quantities, it is better to give salad pepper, it is more easily absorbed by the body.
- Potatoes. Starch – poison for the Dzungarian hamster, do not take risks.
- Beet. Harmless, but does not bring tangible benefits.
- Raw Beans. This is also an unsuitable food for hamsters, it is better to cook them.
- Cucumber. Cucumbers can be given, if there is confidence that they are grown in environmentally friendly conditions, it is better to peel them before serving.
- An Apple. Due to the risk of abdominal dropsy (ascites), animals cannot eat apples.
- Pear. This fruit weakens and can cause an upset hamster.
- Peach. Too sweet, so do not treat them to your pet.
- Sea buckthorn and barberry. Too sour, it is better not to feed these foods.
- Watermelon and melon. Absorb harmful substances very well, therefore, categorically they should not be eaten by Dzungarian hamsters.
- Tropical fruits. Under the ban all exotic and tropical fruits (oranges, tangerines, kiwi), with the exception of bananas. After drying them, you can make food for the hamster in the form of chips, which they really love.
- Greenery. Do not feed your pet with sorrel, green sprouts of onions and garlic. A small amount can be given celery (too juicy) and parsley (has a laxative effect).
- Bread. Categorically you can’t feed your pet with fresh bread and other bakery products. But sometimes you can offer your pet a small piece of dry white bread.
- Milk products. Hamsters and cheese are contraindicated; it is better to give low-fat cottage cheese.
Important! At home, hamsters eat everything that they are given. Domesticated animals have lost all their natural skills, so the responsibility for the life and health of small pets lies entirely with their owner.
In the natural habitat, Dzungarian hamsters breed from March to September, in captivity they breed all year round. A month after birth, they should already be separated and separated by gender.
Important! Puberty occurs from 4-6 weeks, but it is believed that such an early pregnancy can be dangerous for the female. It is recommended to start mating from 4 months.
In order for mating to be successful, it is necessary to purchase “spare” males and females, because it often happens that one of the selected producers is unsuitable for mating: does not allow an individual of the opposite sex to stay close, does not mate for a long time, ruins the nest. In such cases, a “spare” hamster will come in handy.
Females selected for breeding hamsters should be healthy, well-fed, with shiny hair. Males should be slightly larger than females, with shiny hair of a well-defined color.
Under favorable conditions, hamsters can bear offspring at any time of the year. In order to exclude unplanned breeding when keeping one pair of animals, they are settled in different cages, planting the female to the male only for mating.
Interesting to know! Pregnancy after the first mating in the female may not occur, so sometimes the mating has to be repeated more than once.
Obvious signs of pregnancy in a female appear, as a rule, on the 10-12th day. The activity of the female carrying the cubs is markedly reduced. She tries to move carefully, without making sudden movements. Pregnancy is 18-22 days.
A pregnant female should create calm comfortable living conditions, since in case of stress the female can kill and eat her offspring. Also, the female may be aggressive towards the male.
Before childbirth, it is recommended that a complete disinfection of the cell is performed, and a one-story house is used for childbirth. Newborn young animals are forbidden to stroke, touch and touch with their hands, because a female hamster, smelling an extraneous smell, can eat its offspring.
During pregnancy, as well as feeding young animals, it is necessary to separately and in small quantities include protein foods in the female diet, which may include boiled chicken meat, cooked egg yolk, and not fatty cottage cheese.
Tiny pets have relatively strong immunity, but are still prone to certain diseases.
Syrian hamsters, Dzungar hamsters, Roborovsky hamsters (named after the Russian naturalist V.I. Roborovsky) and Campbell hamsters (in honor of the British consul Charles W. Campbell) are suitable for home maintenance.
From the conditions of detention and diet of the hamster depends:
- rodent activity;
- breeding frequency (in females – the number of cubs born);
- pet health;
- life span.
Features of the diet of hamsters
The diet of a hamster depends on its type. The food of the Dzungarian hamsters includes fruits and vegetables. After all, Dzungarian hamsters are steppe hamsters. They are used to eating “juicy” food, getting fluid from it.
Syrian hamsters in nature live in meadows (sowing), forest-steppes and at the foot of the mountains. Therefore, they like to eat wheat, oats, corn, seeds and herbs.
Hamsters love to stock up on food. Therefore, if the bowl is empty, this does not mean that the hamster ate everything. Perhaps he hid the food in a secluded place.
Serving size should be small. Then the stocks of hamsters will become less.
The number of meals for all types of hamsters should be at least two times a day (morning and evening).
Hamster nutrition should be correct. In winter, add vitamins to your hamster’s diet.
A hamster diet should include:
- Vegetables – tomato and cucumber, zucchini, pumpkin.
- Greenery – Fresh leaves of beets, sprouts of oats and wheat.
- Fruits – an apple, a pear.
- Corn – watermelon seeds, oats, millet.
In the diet of the Dzungarian hamster, 1-2 times a month add dried fruits, peas and beans (dried).
The best feed for hamsters
When buying feed, pay attention to the packaging. It must be airtight and without damage. It is important that moisture does not get into the dry mixture, otherwise the food will become moldy.
Learn the composition of food for hamsters: it should not contain many sunflower seeds. They are high-calorie and harm the health of the pet. The composition of a good feed necessarily contains dried fruits and seeds.
Ideal hamster food composition includes :
- not less than 14% of proteins;
- no more than 8% fat;
- 5-8% fiber;
- vitamins A, E, phosphorus, calcium;
- cereals and legumes;
- dry vegetables and fruits (lumpy or in granules).
The composition of the feed should not be :
- a lot of sunflower seeds and nuts (high-calorie foods);
- exotic fruits;
- vegetables with a high starch content (harmful to the digestion of the hamster);
- salty and sweet ingredients.
Select the food for the hamster, taking into account individual characteristics. For dwarf hamsters, the food should be “convenient” in size so that it can easily be hidden in the cheeks.
Introduce new food into the diet gradually so that the hamster gets used to it. Remove the uneaten food so that it does not deteriorate and does not lead to an upset stomach in the pet.
A serving of food depends on the size of the hamster and ranges from one to four tablespoons.
Allowed Hamster Products
The food of Syrian hamsters is not much different from the diet of Dzungarian hamsters and other domestic hamsters. The diet should be balanced and include vitamins (fruits, vegetables and herbs). There is one difference – Syrian hamsters feed mainly on crops. Therefore, the basis of the diet are grains of wheat, oats.
The hamster can be given:
- bell pepper, tomato and cucumber;
- vegetables containing little starch: carrots, beets, zucchini;
- grain crops – millet, oats, seeds;
- boiled egg;
- dried fruits;
- berries – currants, blueberries, strawberries, cherries and cherries;
- fruits – apple and pear.
Instead of water, sometimes give the hamster milk: it is rich in protein. Boil milk and watch for fat content (up to 1.5% fat content). But you can not completely replace water with milk: this will cause digestive problems.
It would seem that the answer to the question “” is very simple. However in practice hamster food Inexperienced owners can raise many questions regarding whether it is possible to give this or that product to their pet.
Hamster nutrition should be balanced. This means that it will include not only ready-made dry food, which forms the basis of the diet, but also other products. In particular, the hamster can be given the following foods.
Cereals, nuts and seeds. From cereals you can give wheat, oats, barley, buckwheat, oatmeal, lentils. They are given in dry form; cereals boiled in water without salt and seasonings, feed sick and weak animals. From nuts you can give peanuts, hazelnuts, cashews, walnuts. You can also give the hamster melon, pumpkin and sunflower seeds and sesame seeds.
Vegetables, fruits and berries. Hamster nutrition must include fresh fruits, berries and vegetables. source of vitamins and moisture. From the berries you can give currants, gooseberries, strawberries, seedless cherries, blueberries. Of fruits. apple, pear, apricot, melon, peach, banana, grapes, plum (in small quantities). Hamsters also eat dried fruits with pleasure. dried apples and pears, raisins, dried apricots, banana chips.
Most vegetables give the hamster raw. You can treat your pet with pumpkin, carrots, bell peppers, tomatoes, cucumbers, radishes, radishes, zucchini, zucchini, beets, squash, turnips, green beans, fresh corn, Chinese cabbage, broccoli, fresh peas, young peas in pods. Occasionally and in small quantities, cauliflower, peeled rose hips and celery can be given. Some vegetables (pumpkin, carrots, beets and peas) can also be cooked, they are cooked briefly and without salt.
Greens, leaves and seedlings. Hamster nutrition may also include sprouts of oats, wheat, bamboo and alfalfa. From greens, you can give salad, dill, parsley, plantain leaves, dandelion leaves, nettle, clover. Hamsters also eat the leaves of fruit trees (apple, cherry, pear), as well as other deciduous varieties of trees (ash, beech, maple, willow, poplar, oak, birch, walnut).
All vegetables, fruits, and berries you give the hamster must be fresh, not overripe and not spoiled. Plants for the hamster need to be collected away from roads and industrial enterprises. Any plant-based food needs to be thoroughly washed before giving the hamster.
there is a number of foods that are not recommended for hamsters. They cannot be called unambiguously forbidden, but there is a great risk that they will cause irreparable damage to the health of your pet. These include cheese (especially fatty and salty varieties), acorns, Brazil nuts, persimmons, white bread, potatoes, as well as prepared foods for other rodents and birds.
Finally, there are products that should not be given to hamsters. These include:
- salt, spices, sugar, both in pure form and as part of other products;
- fried, greasy, smoked food, any food from your table;
- exotic fruits (including pineapple, kiwi, avocado, pomegranate, citrus fruits), watermelon;
- fruit juices;
- leek, garlic, mint, cabbage (white and red), sorrel;
- coniferous branches, tulip, all plants and herbs collected in the city;
- cream, sour cream, milk, butter;
- cereal, cereals, kozinaki;
- almonds, apricot and cherry pits (they contain hydrocyanic acid fatal for hamsters);
- peel and eyes of raw potatoes;
- sausages, sausage, fatty meat;
- dry pasta;
- black bread;
- bloodworms and insects caught in nature;
- chocolate, ice cream, cookies and any other sweets.
Right hamster food. one of the guarantees of their health. It is very important to know which products to give to the hamster, and which. categorically impossible.
Buying a hamster in the house, the owners often do not know how to feed the animal. Therefore, having fed it with usual products for themselves, they do not realize that they can harm their pet. It is worth remembering that the hamster is not a man and that death is good for you. In order for your hamster to live a long and happy life, you should take its diet very seriously.
Food for the hamster should contain all the useful vitamins, minerals, fats, proteins, carbohydrates. To do this, you need to feed the hamster with different products. For example, in the summer the animal is better to give as many vegetables as possible. In the winter, it is worth choosing the appropriate vitamins or food, in which there are all the nutrients. Do not forget that the hamster in the cage should have not only food, but also water. , although not a difficult task, but responsible. Therefore, carefully read which foods you can feed a hamster, and which can not.
Products that can be eaten by hamsters (Dzungarian, Syrian and other species)
In addition to feed hamsters, you can feed these foods:
For feeding small hamsters:
How to not feed hamsters
milk, butter, sour cream, cream, almonds, honey, mint, white and red cabbage, seeds from apricots, cherries or cherries, potatoes and its peel, onions, garlic, mushrooms, watermelon, melon, fried, fatty, sausages, sausages , sorrel, kozinaki, citrus fruits, salt, spices, sugar, pineapple, kiwi, mango, pomegranate, avocado, ice cream, chocolate, confectionery, pasta, bread, crackers.
The cute hamster is one of the most popular pets. Its maintenance does not require much space in the apartment, and care is not particularly difficult. However, acquiring a furry friend, you should find out in advance what hamsters eat at home and what kind of food they are not recommended.
First of all, proper nutrition of a domestic hamster depends on the species to which it belongs. If in nature this species lives in the steppe or desert – drier nutrition is suitable for it, and the diet of forest species must have grass and juicy fruits.
In general, you should remember a simple rule: at home, hamsters can only be given the food that they can get in nature (if you do not feed your pet with special purchased foods).
The advantages of the purchased feed include its balanced composition when it comes to a high-quality product. However, special food for rodents can hit the budget, and in addition – not all pets approve of such food. If hamsters are reluctant to eat purchased food or completely ignore it – do not force them, but transfer them to natural food.
What does a hamster eat at home? His health, vitality and life expectancy directly depend on this. The animal’s menu should in no case coincide with yours unless you are a fan of natural separate nutrition.
Cereals and grains
The basis of the diet is whole grains, cereal mixtures, cereals, seeds, as well as cereals from cereals, cooked on water. Oatmeal, wheat, buckwheat, barley, legumes (except red beans), and corn are suitable for your pet. In moderate quantities, you can offer pumpkin and sunflower seeds, as a treat – crackers, nuts, "simple" drying.
Hamsters love to gnaw raw carrots, slices of pumpkin, bell peppers, eggplant and zucchini. These vegetables can be given in boiled form, but without salt. From time to time, you can add boiled beets, broccoli and cauliflower, celery, radish, radish, and small tomatoes to the diet.
In addition to fruits and vegetables, hamsters will need fresh herbs. Enrich the list of healthy foods with parsley and green lettuce, clover, young nettle, and plantain leaves. Offer your pet a sprig of apple, oak, birch or maple, as well as alfalfa sprouts (hay in winter).
A couple of times a week, a pet should be offered protein-rich foods: cottage cheese, kefir, non-fat natural yogurt made without additives. Offer hamsters a boiled egg from time to time. Boiled chicken meat, without any additives or salt, is also suitable as a protein meal. Sometimes it is possible to give rodents boiled meat of low-fat fish or shrimp, as well as special insects, which are sold as feed in pet stores.
Fruit and berry "dessert"
From fruits, you can safely offer hamsters apples and pears, as well as bananas. As a “tasty treat” you can sometimes give dry fruits: dried slices of apples and pears, raisins, dried apricots, prunes. From the berries, let’s not too acidic cherries and cherries, rose hips, currants, strawberries. Sometimes you can offer plums and apricots, peaches, sour grapes to your pet. In order to avoid trouble, it is better to stretch the seeds from the berries.
No one can live without water and a hamster is no exception. However, those species of rodents that prefer steppes and deserts in nature do not need much water – they drink very little, and they prefer juicy fruits as the main source of liquid. But, one way or another, the drinker in the hamster cage must be present, and the water in it needs to be changed regularly.