For those who decided to have a pet, but have absolutely no skills for caring for them, it will be most convenient to begin acquaintance with all the subtleties of their content with such cute animals as hamsters. They are quite unpretentious animals that occupy a minimum of space, while forgiving small mistakes to their inexperienced owners. There are a huge number of decorative species of hamsters, however, the most popular today. Dzungarian and Syrian.
This article will discuss how to keep a Syrian hamster in the house.
Syrian hamster. a rodent of the hamster family, because of its natural reddish-sand color, popularly called the “golden hamster”. The color of this breed is not only golden, but also white, brown, black, silver, etc. Initially, the Syrian hamsters were short-haired, but now there are a lot of long-haired on sale. Their body length is 13-13.5 cm, and their weight ranges from 100-125 g. Syrian hamsters are considered the most long-lived species of decorative hamsters. life expectancy is on average 2.5 years, but with proper care and maintenance can reach 4 years. Unlike the Dzungarian hamsters, they are less whimsical, differ in endurance and cleanliness. Very active and kind creatures who will calmly enjoy the warmth of the hands of their master, without showing a single drop of aggression.
Under natural conditions, the peak of activity of these animals falls at dusk, and they devote the rest of the day to rest, which is also characteristic of individuals who live at home. Females of golden hamsters practically do not smell, while males, guided by the desire to assert themselves, have a tendency to carefully mark the territory.
As for the permissible number of individuals in one cage, here cohabitation of hamsters is possible only if they grew up together. For the mating period, the female and the male can be combined, but then it is desirable to plant the pets.
Housing for hamsters of this type is best served as a cage with a deep plastic tray and metal rods, as well as an aquarium made of organic or ordinary glass. The size of the cage for the animal must be at least 30 × 40 cm, and the minimum height of the aquarium. 30 cm
As a litter, it is most optimal to use large dry sawdust, the layer thickness of which should be about 3-4 cm. For long-haired representatives of the species, it is not advisable to lay sawdust, since they can tangle wool. You should purchase a special natural wood filler, combining it with colorless paper napkins. To build nests, pieces of paper, hay and straw are well suited.
Inside the cage you need to put a house where the animal will hide and rest. It is also important to take care of the active life of the pet in order to avoid problems with weight and well-being. In addition to the bowls for food and drinkers, given the frisky nature of the Syrian hamsters, a large jogging wheel, hearts and various obstacles to overcome must be placed in the cage.
It is necessary to do the cleaning every 4-5 days. The drinker and bowl should be washed daily. Once a month, it is necessary to wash the cage and all the "furniture" of the hamster with a special detergent that contains bleach.
You can’t bathe the Syrian hamsters, they themselves perfectly monitor their hygiene, washing themselves and cleaning their hair several times a day. A longhaired representative sometimes should put a special bathing suit with sand so that they can clean their long hair. You also need to take care of their fur, combing it with a small brush or comb with frequent teeth. Shorthair individuals are quite comfortable combing with a tooth or massage brush.
The diet of Syrian hamsters should consist of a varied and complete feed, as their body is very sensitive to a lack of vitamins. Basic products for golden hamsters. grain and greens. Grain mixtures should include grains of millet, oats, wheat, flax, sunflower, as well as pumpkin seeds. Hamsters will gladly eat absolutely all kinds of herbs. And legumes for them will be legumes. clover and alfalfa. The animals need vegetables (salad, carrots), fruits, root crops and berries.
Representatives of this species are very fond of white bread, pasta, cereals and other flour products. They are happy to enjoy milk. Be sure to include boiled meat and multivitamins in the diet of pets. The presence of room temperature drinking water in the hamster’s cage is very important.
Taking into account the fact that golden hamsters lead an active nocturnal lifestyle, they should be fed at the same time in the afternoon.
Syrian hamsters have cheek pouches into which they stuff extra food, if any. They attribute all their prey to nests, so you need to establish the approximate amount of feed eaten, and during cleaning the cage must inspect the nest, eliminating the pet’s stocks, which can deteriorate.
When letting the animals walk around the house, the owners should be especially careful and cautious, because a small animal can face dangers at almost every step.