Syrian Hamster

The Syrian hamster is a medium-sized rodent from the hamster family, which is popular among rodent lovers, and is also used by scientists in laboratory studies.

Description of the Syrian Hamster

The Syrian hamster has a thirteen-centimeter stocky body with short legs, rounded middle ears, a short muzzle, bead-shaped eyes and a small tail that can hardly be seen under its thick hair. The belly of the rodent is light, and its back is ocher-gray or brownish-gray. The hind legs of the individual have five fingers, and on the front legs there are four fingers and the vestiges of the fifth finger. The rodent lives in shallow minks, and shows its activity at night. To transport materials for the construction of the nest and feed, the individual uses conveniently fitted cheek pouches. The most common color of the rodent is considered to be – golden – natural natural color. The life span of a Syrian hamster is three years.

Syrian hamster story

For the first time in 1797, the Russell brothers wrote an article about a Syrian hamster. This species of rodents began to be considered extinct since 1839, after Waterhouse made their first scientific description. On April 30, 1930, after a long search, zoologist Israel Akhoroni discovered a hole in which eleven newborn rodents were with the female, he moved them to the University of Judea. Of all the brought individuals, three males and one female survived. After unsuccessful attempts to find other representatives of this species in the wild, Akhoroni made a female mating with one of his brothers, who became the progenitors of this species in captivity. Their descendants in 1938 first entered the territory of the United States of America. Simultaneously with this event, pundits concluded that the Syrian hamsters were completely extinct in the wild.

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Syrian Hamster Habitat

The Syrian hamster lives on cultivated lands, in meadow steppes and foothill steppe landscapes, which are located in:


The main component of the diet of the Syrian hamster is considered grain food, in addition to which it is recommended to give crispy goodies that bring him not only pleasure, but also bring great benefit, grinding off his constantly growing incisors. In addition to solid feed, the diet of an individual must include:

It is recommended to feed the Syrian hamster no more than twice during the day in the morning and evening. In this case, individuals must be given such an amount of food so that the rodent can leave a small portion of it the next day. This is because the individual’s need for food depends on the individual properties of his body. It is strictly forbidden to include citrus fruits, sunflower seeds, nuts, any oils, lard, fish oil, cabbage, yogurt, kefir and chocolate in the diet of the Syrian hamster, the use of which will very badly affect their health.

Syrian Hamster Content

For keeping a Syrian hamster at home, the most ideal option is a cage measuring 40 cm x 60 cm, which should be equipped with:

  • Litter, which can be used as pressed medium-sized sawdust that absorbs moisture well and perfectly absorbs odors. It is strictly forbidden to use as bedding. cotton wool, napkins, rags and newspapers
  • Toilet for small rodents with special absorbent material, which is used as a filler
  • A wheel with transverse protrusions and a bottom without a grill, which is selected taking into account the size of the individual
  • Lazas, which can serve as roots, branches and tubes
  • A drinker with a volume of fifty milliliters, the water in which is recommended to be changed daily
  • A house that can be attached to the cell wall
  • A feeder with a width of three to ten centimeters, which must be selected taking into account the size of the rodent
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Animal breeders need to know that their pet’s diseases are most often the result of stress that can be caused by:

  • The emergence of a new neighbor in the cell
  • Long trip
  • Sleep disturbance
  • Cell change

It is recommended that you immediately contact your veterinarian if you first identify the first symptoms of a Syrian hamster disease, which are determined by the following criteria:

  • Manifestation of aggression
  • Slightly wet fur
  • Presence of lice and fleas
  • Skin ulcers
  • Frequent loose or dry stools
  • Eyes closed
  • Loss of fur with a light touch
  • Heavy breathing.

Breeding Syrian Hamster

When mating Syrian hamsters, it must be borne in mind that the female must be four months old, and the male three months old. Pregnancy in individuals lasts eighteen days, and the number of young in one litter is from four to fifteen individuals that are fed breast milk for twenty-eight days. Before giving birth, it is recommended to completely disinfect the cage, and for delivery use a single-storey glass cage measuring 40 cm x 25 cm. It is forbidden to stroke, touch and touch the newborn baby, because the female of the individual, smelling an extraneous smell, will immediately eat its offspring. During pregnancy, as well as breastfeeding, it is necessary to separately and in small quantities include protein food in the female’s diet, which includes:

Syrian Hamster
  • Not fat curd
  • Boiled egg yolk
  • Boiled Chicken Meat

To prevent a female Syrian hamster from eating her offspring, breeders need to ensure:

  • Complete calmness of a pregnant and lactating female
  • Shaded and quiet cell location
  • Separate keeping of individuals
  • Accurate determination of the age of the female to be mated
  • Proper diet and maintenance