Can a hamster have buckwheat and rice?
Since childhood, we all know the taste of porridge with buckwheat and rice, the words "ate little porridge" are no less familiar. But really, porridge is not only an easily digestible product, but also very useful and necessary.
Buckwheat is famous for its reserves of vitamins B, PP and E, fiber, protein, iodine, iron and phosphorus. This is a very useful product, especially for the younger generation. Is it possible to buckwheat hamster and what form (in the form of cereals or porridge)? This frequently asked question is not difficult to answer.
It will not be superfluous to recall that the basis of the proper diet of any hamster is dry food: grain mixtures. Buckwheat is grown in the fields on an industrial scale, local wild hamsters enjoy this and enjoy it. So why not treat buckwheat to a domestic rodent?
Buckwheat hamsters can give without fear in the form of dry cereals. In this form, it is part of the usual diet.
However, it is worth noting that it is completely impossible to transfer to buckwheat diet, use the golden rule – that busting is not sensible.
We recommend using high-quality grain mixtures, where all components are proportionally balanced according to the needs of the hamster in them. Thus, you do not have to worry about what kind of food and how much to feed your furry pet.
Buckwheat rice and rice porridge are a little less popular. Many also like it, but is it possible to give it to a hamster? Rice is also a very useful product, however, for the hamster’s body, it will be heavier than buckwheat. Experienced hamsters recommend giving rice for feeding young animals in case of diseases. Rice porridge and decoction from it will come in handy in case of carrying.
Rice broth has the ability to effectively restore the balance of water in the body. It is recommended to take it in case of carrying not only to hamsters, but also to their owners. You can give a little in the form of porridge, cooked to a sticky state.
If you decide to feed the hamster porridge, buckwheat or whatever it is, remember that it should not be sweet or salty, seasoned with butter or anything. Tip: in order to preserve more useful properties of buckwheat, it’s better not to cook it, to prepare it by soaking in water for the night. Thus, almost all vitamins will remain in it, they will not be destroyed by high temperatures.
Buckwheat and other cereals
The usefulness of buckwheat for hamsters does not even need to be proved. The vegetable protein, minerals and vitamins present in it make it truly the No. 1 dish for hamsters. In addition, it is useful for hamster teeth, which must be loaded with solid food.
Buckwheat is suitable from all sides. As, however, other cereals, such as rice, millet, barley, oats, barley. You can eat buckwheat in a dry form, or you can cook porridge. Only it should be steep and boiled on water, and not on milk.
Milk is poorly absorbed by the delicate digestive system of hamsters. Other types of cereals are also useful: wheat, oat, rice, semolina. Naturally, they should be sugar and oil free. Porridge is usually prepared for sick, weakened hamsters. Healthy dry cereals are more suitable.
We suppose the question whether buckwheat can be hamsters is sufficiently illuminated.
More about the benefits of cereals
And germinated cereals, in particular wheat, are very useful for hamsters. It is not difficult to germinate it. Wheat grains are first soaked for a while, and then covered with a lid, put in a warm place for a couple of days.
It can be done in another way: rinse and spread wheat grains on a flat plate. Cover with gauze moistened with water. In a day – two of the seeds will sprout.
Dry the germinated cereals and give it to the hamster – this will be better than any vitamin complex.
Can a hamster have buckwheat and rice?
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What are the most useful cereals: buckwheat, rice, barley or millet? Healthy nutrition: breakfasts and dinners with the most healthy cereals
Various cereals are one of the oldest foods that has been in the diet of people for thousands of years. Porridge is useful at any age and with any diet, they differ in the composition of trace elements and their beneficial properties.
We will discuss the most useful cereals.
Properties of cereals in the most healthy cereals
Grains of cereal plants contain many nutrients:
- fast carbohydrates, starch;
- fiber (complex carbohydrates);
- vegetable proteins and amino acids;
- vitamins and minerals (potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, as well as thiamine, pyridoxine, riboflavin, nicotinic acid, food enzymes).
Cereals are cooked in every way: they are boiled, ground into flour, added during baking and cooking main dishes. For a full, balanced diet, it is necessary to include as many foods as possible in the diet and alternate the most healthy cereals and various cereals.
The most healthy cereals in our diet
Buckwheat contains almost 20% of vegetable protein; therefore, buckwheat porridge is very nutritious and saturates for a long time. In vegetarian cuisine, this cereal is often preferred, as a substitute for animal proteins and a source of “long” carbohydrates.
In India, buckwheat is called "black rice", and in general, the spread of this cereal crop is characteristic of the Asian and East European regions. In Western supermarkets – this is a rarity, sold in departments with national products.
Rice cereal – is the basis of the diet of 3 billion people on the planet who live in India, China, in the countries of the Pacific coast. By the way, it is customary to use “brown”, unpeeled rice, which we perceive as an exotic variety.
In European countries, the most commonly implemented "white", polished or steamed version, which does not have such useful properties. Therefore, it is better to buy rice grains with a minimum level of processing.
Rice groats are widely known for their sorbent properties, so it is used in the treatment of joints and the deposition of salts, in violation of metabolic processes.
Oat groats – immediately associated with a healthy breakfast and baby food (it should be noted that in beautiful boxes for baby food the same ground oatmeal is sold, only two to three times more expensive). It is made from oats, which are processed in various ways – the degree of grinding depends on this.
Coarser grinding with minimal mechanical processing is the most useful, and it is best to cook whole oat grains, it will take about 30-40 minutes.
Hercules or oatmeal is a product that is made from oats by a special technology. Oat grains are cleaned, steamed and flattened to make porridge from oatmeal, it is enough to cook them for 5-7 minutes.
In oatmeal, a high content of plant fiber is insoluble fiber that helps cleanse the intestines and improve digestion.
Liquid oatmeal porridge on the water and oatmeal jelly are a great option for people who have gastritis and a predisposition to peptic ulcer.
Gluten in oat grains has a softening, enveloping property and normalizes acidity in the stomach.
Perlovka – A very useful cereal is obtained from barley grains, undeservedly classified as official, army products. Properly cooked barley with butter to taste is not inferior to rice, and surpasses it in some respects – it contains more potassium, phosphorus and other minerals.
Before cooking, barley must be soaked for several hours, then rinsed and, after boiling, simmer for at least an hour or left in a warm oven for 3-4 hours. It goes well with mushrooms, stewed vegetables, suitable for diet food.
Millet – almost does not undergo mechanical processing, therefore, it contains enough fiber and nutrients. Beneficial substances in the composition of millet cleanse blood vessels, eliminate signs of atherosclerosis and help lower cholesterol.
It should be used carefully with pancreatitis, since the polysacchar contained in millet can weaken the pancreas. For the same reason, it is not recommended for people with diabetes.
Corn grits – A hearty, healthy product for your table, which has a long assimilation period, and provides energy for several hours.
Contains vitamins A, E, PP, potassium, magnesium and other minerals useful for the cardiovascular system.
Flaxseed – They have an unconditional healing quality, are used in the treatment of gastritis and ulcers, lower cholesterol, normalize the microflora in the gastrointestinal tract and improve peristalsis.
It is a source of essential amino acids and minerals that contribute to the renewal of tissues in the skin, bones and joints. Even when brewed, flaxseeds do not look particularly appetizing, so they can be added to soups and main dishes.
The best option is to grind a little grains and add to cereals, pastries and other dishes, linseed flour has almost no effect on the taste and texture of the main products.
Additional cereal products
Recently, much attention has been paid to the gluten content in foods. Gluten is a vegetable protein that contains many cereal grains: wheat, rye, oats, barley and others.
Gluten is absent in buckwheat, rice, and corn grits; therefore, they are considered more “healthy." However, genetic gluten intolerance is detected in less than 1% of the population.
Therefore, it is best to focus on your own preferences in order to cook the most healthy cereals.
Instant cereal products can greatly facilitate the process and save time, but some points to keep in mind.
Ready breakfasts (rings, balls), caramelized cereals, granola and instant cereals from bags, which can simply be boiled with boiling water, are extrusion processing products.
They allow you to almost immediately use the finished product, however, do not have particularly useful properties.
In the process of extrusion under the influence of pressure and high temperature, the destruction of biologically active and flavoring substances occurs. Therefore, such products are often supplemented with “slices of berries and fruits”, chocolate, caramel sugar, citric acid and flavorings.
Another interesting point about semolina – These are crushed grains of refined wheat, very high-calorie groats with almost no fiber. Often found in the diet of hospitals and child care facilities.
This tradition dates back to the basics of Soviet dietetics, when weight gain was considered one of the indicators of health and proper nutrition. Therefore, in hospitals and sanatoria gave a lot of bread, pasta and semolina for breakfast – quickly and easily cooked.
So, semolina porridge is a very suitable option for a delicious hearty breakfast, but is not suitable for constant use.
So, the most healthy cereals can be prepared from any whole grain cereal, which saturates well and helps to maintain health. Porridge should not be a symbol of dietary or age restrictions, this affordable, healthy dish should always be on the family menu.
Why are cereal cereals dangerous: how wrong I was!
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Groats make up almost half of our menu. But some of them – pleasure is very dangerous for the figure, and for health. Is it true that barley is undesirable for men, and semolina causes rickets in infants? Is it useful oatmeal for breakfast? Let’s try to figure it out.
A common disadvantage of all cereals is the high content of starch, which in the digestive system turns into sweet glucose. To separate all the products depending on how they increase sugar, doctors came up with a special indicator – GI (glycemic index). The most harmful product by this indicator is glucose syrup, it has an index of 100.
Everything edible, depending on the GI, is divided into three groups: for harmful products an index is higher than 70 (they should be consumed as little as possible), for moderate GI products – from 56 to 69, and for good – less than 55. Even the best cereals – oatmeal, buckwheat and rice from long grain – are, in fact, on the border between healthy and moderate foods. And this means that you should not overeat.
Are porridges good for you?
Benefit. Oatmeal is the record holder among cereals for the content of aluminum, boron, and iron. Contains B vitamins, biotin, fiber. The protein content is second only to millet and buckwheat. With a glycemic index of 55, it is located approximately in the middle of the ranking of cereals.
Oatmeal contains natural antioxidants, which increase the body’s resistance to negative environmental influences. Calcium and phosphorus in oats are necessary for the development of the human skeletal system, and a large amount of iron makes oatmeal a useful food for the prevention of anemia.
Recent studies have shown that oat fiber contains a very important element for lowering bad cholesterol – beta-glucan. Eating 3 g of soluble oat fiber helps lower cholesterol by 8–23%. Oatmeal is also very good for the normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract.
Harm. Oatmeal contains phytic acid, a substance that delays the absorption of calcium in the intestines. Not only that, phytic acid not only does not allow calcium to be absorbed in the body, but also leaches the necessary trace element from our bones. Therefore, if you plan to adhere to an oat diet, you must first consult a doctor.
Benefit. The record holder among cereals for the presence of magnesium and B vitamins. Millet is considered one of the least allergenic crops. It is very easily absorbed by the body, so it is suitable even for people with sensitive intestines.
In terms of protein content, millet is superior to rice and barley, and in terms of fat content it is second only to oatmeal. The glycemic index, like oatmeal, is average.
Millet porridge has a beneficial effect on the body with atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus and liver diseases.
It is invaluable for people who want to lose weight, as it prevents the deposition of fats in the body and successfully removes already accumulated fat.
Harm. Millet contains substances that increase gas production, so people with problem intestines should be excluded from the diet. In millet also more often than in other cereals, bugs and butterflies start.
Benefit. Perhaps the most controversial of cereals. Two-thirds of semolina consists of starch, and the GI is off scale. It is poor in terms of vitamins and minerals. It has a fairly high protein content, but the gluten protein contained in it is harmful in celiac disease – a serious hereditary disease.
Semolina is quickly digested, well absorbed, contains a minimal amount of fiber (0.2%). Liquid semolina is included in diets prescribed for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and after surgery on the stomach and intestines.
Harm. The ambiguous attitude of nutritionists to semolina is associated with the presence of gliadin and phytin in it. Gliadin is a gluten that can cause necrosis of the intestinal villi and slow down the absorption of nutrients. That is why semolina porridge is not suitable as a food for young children, and is also not recommended for use by children under the age of 3 years.
The phytin contained in semolina binds calcium salts and prevents them from entering the blood. It turns out that semolina deprives bone of calcium. Therefore, children who are heavily fed with semolina porridge often get rickets. Other cereals also bind calcium, but to a lesser extent.
Benefit. More than three and a half billion people on the planet eat rice every day, despite the fact that it has the lowest protein content among all cereals and one of the highest GIs. Rice is an important source of vitamin PP, carotene, vitamin E, which help strengthen the nervous system and have a beneficial effect on the condition of the skin, hair and nails.
It should be noted that the stronger the rice grain is processed, the less vitamins and minerals in it. The most useful is unpolished or brown (brown) rice.
Harm. White or polished rice contains almost no minerals and vitamins, especially important B vitamins. In addition, it has a high glycemic index. Rice inhibits intestinal motility, so people with a tendency to obesity or constipation should not eat it.
Benefit. It has the lowest glycemic index among all cereals – 20-30 units. Very rich in amino acids. It contains a lot of lysine, which takes part in the production of collagen, helps to slow down the appearance of wrinkles and helps to keep the skin smooth and supple for longer.
Pearl barley is rich in complex carbohydrates, which are slowly broken down, and this gives a long feeling of satiety. It contains a lot of potassium, iron and calcium. Any other cereal can "envy" a set of vitamins in pearl barley.
Harm. Hazardous properties of pearl barley are associated with the content of gluten in it, as well as in semolina. Gluten is particularly dangerous for people with genetic intolerance to this protein. According to statistics, some signs of celiac intolerance are found in every third inhabitant of our planet.
Also, barley porridge causes increased gas formation, therefore, it is not worth abusing it for people with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and with a tendency to constipation. Due to the content of phytoestrogens, the frequent use of barley can cause a decrease in male libido.
Benefit. It has the highest glycemic index among all cereals, so its excessive consumption can lead to obesity. The protein content is inferior to all cereals, except rice.
Harm. Corn grits, like corn, are contraindicated in the period of exacerbation of a stomach ulcer and duodenal ulcer, as well as in case of individual intolerance.
Benefit. The undisputed leader among cereals in protein content. It has a good glycemic index. Recommended for dietary nutrition due to its ability to control glucose and cholesterol.
Buckwheat is one of the most useful cereals because it contains eighteen essential amino acids, iron, calcium, potassium, phosphorus, copper, iodine, zinc, boron, fluorine, molybdenum, cobalt, as well as vitamins B1, B2, B9, PP, vitamin E .
Buckwheat has a lot of folic acid, which stimulates blood formation, increases the stamina and resistance of the body to many diseases. Buckwheat is second only to oatmeal and millet in the fat content of all cereals.
Harm. Virtually no serious contraindications. The disadvantages include the fact that the iron contained in buckwheat is poorly absorbed by the body.
Cereals – a unique product, we are used to them from childhood and eat without hesitation. As a result, we consume dangerous cereals and neglect those that the body really needs. In order not to make such mistakes in the future, take the time and figure it out, which porridge is healthier, and which one can be abandoned.
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What is more useful buckwheat or pearl barley?
Recently, few people use barley of their own free will. This porridge can be found in school canteens, hospitals and the army. Calorie barley and buckwheat are approximately at the same level – about 320 kcal per hundred grams of the product. Porridge is used for dietary and medicinal purposes. Let’s try to figure out what is more useful buckwheat or pearl barley?
Should I eat barley?
Very many years ago only rich people could afford pearl barley, and this dish was considered royal.
It is difficult for a modern person to imagine this – after all, this porridge does not have a special taste, and it’s difficult for children to make it eat at all.
Although they used to prepare barley in a special way – they first soaked it for 12 hours, then boiled it in milk, put it in the oven, and only after serving added cream to the table. Eating porridge is best in the form of heat.
Now barley is not popular. This porridge needs to be cooked for a very long time, and in the end it turns out a dish for an amateur. In addition, few people know that barley is a barley that has undergone special processing.
However, many doctors advise using pearl barley, citing the beneficial substances that it contains. So, a very tasteless porridge will help slow down the formation of wrinkles and maintain youth.
It contains many amino acids that protect our cells from toxic elements.
If we consider the mineral composition, then barley contains calcium, potassium and iron. The porridge also contains chromium, bromine, zinc and copper, vitamins of group B, PP, E, D and A. There are a lot of protein and selenium in barley. Barley can be used for medicinal purposes – it has an antispasmodic and enveloping effect on the stomach.
Queen of cereals – buckwheat
It is difficult to find porridge that can compare the beneficial properties of buckwheat. Buckwheat contains many vitamins, minerals and proteins. The composition in large quantities includes iron, iodine, potassium, calcium and copper.
It contains folic acid and vitamin E. Buckwheat is very useful for the heart and blood vessels. Its use is necessary for iron deficiency anemia and atherosclerosis. Porridge should be eaten with a sick liver, kidneys and hypertension.
This porridge contains a lot more amino acids than the rest.
Fresh buckwheat is most useful, or rather it needs to be “brewed" for the night. At the same time, doctors advise eating porridge without butter and milk.
And do not doubt the usefulness of such porridge – its use will allow the prevention of cardiovascular diseases and increase hemoglobin.
Fasting days on raw buckwheat will allow you to part with extra pounds in a short time, and normalize the digestion process.
Buckwheat is the most healthy and nutritious porridge. Its use is necessary for the heart and blood vessels. However, if you have problems with your stomach, it is better to choose barley.
In this porridge there is not much vitamin and minerals, but it has a beneficial effect on the gastrointestinal tract. It is not advisable for men to consume barley in large quantities – there is a decrease in libido.
Also, this porridge can cause allergies and increased gas formation.
What cereals can and should not be given to dogs of large and small breeds, which can be boiled
Many owners remain ardent admirers of natural nutrition for their pets, and under no circumstances accept industrial feed.
Sometimes the veterinarians themselves advise switching the dog to natural food: cereals, meat, cottage cheese, vegetables and so on (an indication, for example, a medical diet). However, despite the charm of such a healthy diet, some porridge mustache is not allowed.
What cereals can and should not be given to dogs? And which are completely contraindicated? What is the most healthy cereal for a dog? How and with what is it better to cook, so that it tastes good and the diet is balanced?
The benefits of cereals
To begin with, let’s figure out what cereals are. Almost everyone in the kitchen has buckwheat, rice, oat, semolina, pearl barley, less often barley and corn porridge. Each has its own pros and cons.
One of the most useful cereals for both humans and pets. It is full of iron, vitamins from group B and E, calcium, magnesium, complex carbohydrates.
Satiety persists for a long time, the body receives enough energy. Despite the fact that even after heat treatment, buckwheat retains all the beneficial properties, it should not be pre-fried.
What are the main advantages of buckwheat porridge? It speeds up metabolism, helps support the cardiovascular system and even recover from surgery, lose weight, get rid of allergies, boost immunity, strengthen bones and teeth. Buckwheat for a mustache is the best option. It can be cooked without salt (1 part cereal and 1.5 parts water), or simply pour boiling water overnight (so there are even more useful elements).
Of the useful elements, rice porridge is rich in magnesium, calcium, iron, zinc, copper, as well as vitamins not only from group B, but also antioxidant E. There are also lipids (fatty acids).
Excellent natural adsorbent: absorbs toxins, removes them from the body. Therefore, it is great for dogs that have had intoxication.
With diarrhea, one of the best "dishes" because rice porridge has astringent properties.
If a pet has inflammatory processes in the digestive tract, then the presence of this cereal in the diet will help reduce pain (due to enveloping properties).
However, do not abuse rice, as it contains a lot of carbohydrates (starch), and often frequent feeding of this cereal causes constipation. It is forbidden to give it to dogs with diabetes, obesity.
But for a change, sometimes you can still spoil your pet with rice. Prefer not polished (more vegetable protein and less starch compared to polished).
Before cooking, rinse the groats, soak for an hour and a half in cold water (sanded for 20 minutes). Boil as usual, without adding any spices and salt.
It is allowed to add a little vegetable oil only if the porridge is too thick.
There is oats, and there are oat flakes (flattened grains). But both cereals will be very useful, because they contain amino acids, vitamins (A, PP, B, E), micro and macro elements (sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium), fats and vegetable proteins.
Ideal for "starting" digestion after prolonged fasting, illness (especially if it was accompanied by vomiting and diarrhea). "Gluten" envelops the walls of the digestive tract, which significantly reduces soreness in the inflammatory process. Remember that nutritionists prescribe oatmeal for those who have gastritis or enteritis.
Despite all the advantages, it does not fit some dogs, causing digestive upset. Often it becomes the cause of allergies. Yes, yes, no matter how surprising it sounds, but oatmeal can be an allergen for a dog.
Therefore, before the first summer porridge, add a small amount to the usual food or hypoallergenic food (buckwheat, for example). Observe the reaction of the animal during the day: if there are any clinical signs of an allergy.
If everything is fine, you can introduce it into the diet, but do not abuse this cereal.
And give preference not to flakes (they have much less useful components than whole grains). To boil oats faster (40-50 minutes), pre-soak it in cold water for several hours.
Despite all its usefulness, millet is not the best choice. Firstly, it is digested and digested poorly. Secondly, it often causes severe allergies in the animal. Even mixing with other cereals will not benefit the barbel. Therefore, exclude millet from the dog’s diet.
Another "empty" porridge, which is of no benefit to animals or to humans. There are practically no useful elements in it, but there are plenty of carbohydrates.
It can be prescribed by a veterinarian if the animal has insufficient body weight (especially good for carefully feeding premature or newborn puppies) or inflammatory processes in the gastrointestinal tract so as not to “strain” it while treatment is ongoing.
It is forbidden to give dogs with a tendency to gain weight, sedentary and with diabetes (sugar rises sharply in the blood).
Barley is barley that has undergone processing (grinding, polishing). For this reason, the digestibility of this cereal is extremely low. Yes, it is full of vitamins and minerals. We can say that by their number barley will give odds to many other cereals. However, the body does not even absorb a third of them. In addition, the use of pearl barley porridge leads to constipation and even allergies in the dog.
Despite the fact that it is rich in vitamins (group B, A, D and even C), magnesium, iodine and zinc, this cereal is not suitable for all dogs. It is not completely digested (and, therefore, digested), however, does not clog the intestines. Therefore, it must be fed with caution and not often. Dogs with a digestive problem (especially with a tendency to constipation) are better off not giving it at all.
Can I give wheat cereal to dogs? Due to the large amount of carbohydrates (still wheat), it should not be given to animals with obesity (or a tendency to it), diabetes mellitus and leading a sedentary lifestyle. But absolutely healthy mustaches can be cooked by adding vegetables to it so that the fiber they contain does not allow the intestines to “clog”.
Rich in vitamins, micro and macro elements (the main of which are fluorine and silicon). This cereal is not suitable for daily feeding the dog, despite the fact that it is very satisfying. Not all useful components are absorbed by animals. It is good to mix it with other cereals – more useful (buckwheat, rice, for example).
Give only freshly cooked (having cooled to room temperature), since after standing a little, there will simply be a sticky, useless mess in the pan and bowl (nothing will be absorbed).
Is corn grits allowed for dogs? The answer is unequivocal – no, it is impossible. Like semolina and millet, this porridge is not suitable for feeding a mustache. even despite the fact that the pet is saturated quickly, it carries no nutrition in itself. "Empty" porridge for pets.
In addition, it is extremely poorly digested, gets into “lumps” that move very hard along the gastrointestinal tract. In especially active individuals, this can cause intestinal torsion.
If the dog already has digestive problems, then after feeding with corn porridge (even if not regular), they will aggravate. It is better to let the corn of fresh corn be nibbled (just make sure that the pet is not carried away and does not eat the core).
But be prepared that even its grains will come out with feces in undigested form.
Prohibited. Do not give dried peas, beans or beans.
They are not digested: the dog has no enzymes that completely break down such porridge. But the stomach will be inflated due to accumulated gases, which will greatly disturb the pet (up to colic and acute abdominal syndrome). As a result, peristalsis slows down, which leads to even greater bloating (a vicious circle is obtained). Constipation develops.
You can give only a few pods of green fresh peas.
What kind of cereals can be cooked for dogs
So all the same, what kind of cereals can be cooked for dogs in order not only to provide all the necessities of their pet, but also not to harm him? The best options are buckwheat and rice. Oatmeal can be given less often (provided that the dog is not allergic to it), oatmeal, wheat, and barley.
You can cook “monokashi” simply from one type of grain, or mix several types of cereals in different proportions so that the dog does not get bored with the same thing.
But you should not often change the "menu", because digestive upset will begin. It is best to give as a basis one cereal, and the rest in a smaller amount to mix with it.
And another important point – porridge should only be crumbly. So it’s better digested.
However, to make the diet balanced and complete, you must understand that cereals make up only a third of the daily menu. Therefore, cereals need to add other products. Which ones, read below.
What cereals should not be given to dogs
It is not recommended to give pearl barley, corn, millet, semolina and legume porridge. All of them not only do not bring any benefit to the dog’s body, but they can even do harm. They are not even absorbed by the body, are poorly digested and lead to digestive upset.
Also, for example, corn and pearl barley porridge cause allergies. Therefore, you need to carefully approach the preparation of the pet’s diet. Semolina, millet and corn can lead to intestinal inversion (especially if you immediately go for a walk after feeding).
Now you know what cereals can and should not be given to dogs of large and small breeds.
How to cook cereals for dogs
Never add salt and spices, be careful with oils (excess fats will not bring the benefits of the liver of the whisker). But you can’t give “naked” porridge. It is best to add vegetables and meat to it.
Vegetables contain fiber, which is necessary for good intestinal motility, but not all are allowed to feed animals. In the diet, it is best to introduce carrots, pumpkin, beets, Bulgarian pepper, in a small amount: potatoes, cauliflower and broccoli. Onions and garlic are prohibited.
You must also be careful with meat. For example, pork and lamb are fat, so you can’t give them. Chicken meat can cause allergies. Prefer beef (veal), rabbit meat, horsemeat, turkey meat – the most hypoallergenic types of meat. Good offal.
For example, the liver is a real storehouse of vitamins, micro and macro elements. It is also recommended to give a heart, lungs, scar. Raw should not be given: there is a high risk of infecting the pet with parasitic or even infectious diseases.
Heat treatment of meat products must be mandatory (freeze for several days, and then lightly boil, or completely boil).
Sample Dog Diet
In order for your pet to be healthy, his nutrition must be complete and balanced. And for this you need to know what you need to give daily and in what proportion:
- Meat, offal. This should be the basis of the daily menu. The percentage of content is from 35 to 50%. About what you can give with cereals, read above. Sometimes you can feed boiled fish (no more than 2 times a week). Necessarily lean and boneless. Small bones can get stuck between the teeth, scratch the tongue and gums, and large ones can stand transversely in the esophagus, thereby causing discomfort.
- Vegetables. 5-20% of the main daily menu should be they. Fiber is very beneficial for digestion. Coarse fibers are a kind of intestinal scrub. Do not forget about the vitamins contained in vegetables.
- Cereals. They should be 25-35%. About what cereals can and should not be given to dogs, read in this article above.
- Dairy products. The remaining 20-30% fall on them. It is forbidden to give milk (whether it is fresh or purchased pasteurized). Sour milk products only. It is much better absorbed by the body. Beneficial bacteria colonize the intestines and help normalize the digestive process. Just watch for fat. High fat content is a “blow” to the liver. What can be given to a dog? Kefir, cottage cheese, yogurt (without additives and sugar), yogurt, fermented baked milk.
Buckwheat against pearl barley
Now, cereals such as barley, millet and oatmeal are removed from the diet of military personnel. For those who once served in the military, these cereals have their own history, if not a whole era.
A few years ago, Russian, and even more so Soviet, privates could not even imagine that they would lose the very “bolts” or “shrapnel” as the soldiers affectionately called this grain. As usual, such changes in army life could not go unnoticed not only by military personnel, but also by purely civilians.
Some information and analytical agencies decided to conduct a large-scale sociological survey in which people of various professions were asked how they relate to replacing barley and millet with buckwheat and rice. Of course, many, answering the question, recalled their “wartime”, when it was difficult to imagine an army breakfast without millet or pearl barley.
Most of the respondents rather calmly reacted to the planned changes, but there were also those who were ready to fight for pearl barley at the mouth. Needless to say, pearl barley is a real symbol of the Russian army, but sooner or later the symbols can, and often need to be changed. That is exactly what the highbrow ranks thought.
Words were immediately heard that, despite the boundless love for this groats, one couldn’t ignore the fact that the new army also needed new food. Proponents of change say that a soldier should be happy to eat the offered food, and that, to be honest, not many were snotty oatmeal and pearl barley and are delighted.
Another thing is that not everyone is crazy about buckwheat porridge, which they intend to introduce as a substitute. And if we talk about rice, it’s generally a product almost purely imported. Some will say: well, they replaced the cereals with one another, and the jester with them. Others will pick up a calculator and begin to figure out how much such a cereal perturbation will cost the current army.
By the way, here, and without a calculator, you can estimate. So, the average price of pearl barley in Russia today is about 10 rubles per kilogram, and the price of buckwheat ranges from 30 to 110 (!) Rubles per kg. It turns out that even in a simple scenario, feeding the soldiers buckwheat for the military budget will cost 3, or even more times more expensive.Opinions:
Ilya Kramnik, military expert:
Serdyukov’s decision is correct – pearl barley, millet, oatmeal are already fed up, and buckwheat, rice, pasta – a higher level of nutrition. As for the changes in general, now army food is being outsourced.
In this case, corruption risks are reduced. A fixed fee is set by the military unit, which reduces the potential for corruption.
Mikhail GINZBURG, dietitian, doctor of medical sciences:
The feeling of a decision to abandon pearl barley in the army is twofold. On the one hand, this cereal has many nutritional benefits. She has a low glycemic index, which means that she can maintain a state of satiety for a long time, which is good in the army. It turns out hearty food. Another advantage, but already economic: pearl barley will always be an inexpensive cereal.
But at the same time there are disadvantages. For example, I rarely eat pearl barley, I don’t really like it – a rough grain. And I can’t say that it has any great advantages over buckwheat and rice. Eating without pearl barley with plenty of rice and buckwheat is good nutrition. For the soldiers here I would rather be glad.
Leonid IVASHOV, President of the Academy of Geopolitical Problems:
I haven’t eaten barley for a long time … I need a domestic, high-quality, high-calorie product. In Soviet times, an entire institute was engaged in the study of the soldiers menu. We proceeded from the fact that it was tasty, nutritious and that it was possible to keep in reserve not only for the active army, but also for mobilization.
Oleg TERESHKIN, veteran of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Kazan:
What kind of army is this if its combat effectiveness depends on food?
Boris SMAGORINSKY, head of the public council of the Main Directorate of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Volgograd Region:
Only a deliciously cooked piece of pork or beef. And the defenders will eat well and raise livestock. Or maybe this is not a concern for a more tasty and nutritious diet of military personnel. And yet another attempt to leave a considerable part of budget military money in the pockets of those who have long forgotten both about the millet and the pearl barley of Russian generals.
This no longer seems strange quibbling for reform of the Russian army after it began to use outsourcing services. Moreover, hired civilian workers often work only on paper and on paper receive their wages.
In fact, money confidently flows into the accounts of generals, and all the same conscripts do all the work of cleaning the premises, planting vegetables and unloading cars.
By the way, they also manage to build summer cottages for the same generals on “outsourcing” finances.
What porridge is the most useful: rating of 7 valuable cereals
Why? They relate to the oldest foods in the human diet. It is known that 17 thousand years ago, ancient civilizations ate barley, on which the diet of the Greeks and Romans was built.
12 thousand years ago, oats appeared in the diet of the inhabitants of Russia, which formed the basis of the diet of peasants.
And even earlier, the population of the southern regions of Russia ate millet – a rich source of nutrients.
Porridge gave strength and energy to the poorest segments of the population, provided a well-fed and affordable diet. Cereals were used in different ways: they were ground into flour for baking bread and flat cakes, and boiled in the form of liquid jelly and crumbly side dishes. Well-off people did not refuse them, they cooked more skillfully, they ate with meat.
Today, much more types of cereals are available to us than in medieval Russia. But giving up centuries of experience is not worth it. After all, their most valuable varieties belong to the most ancient.
Rating of valuable cereals
So what is the most healthy porridge? Nutritionists call 7 valuable foods that are important to include in the diet. And not only people with health problems and disruption of the digestive tract. To nutrition was balanced, complete, you must regularly eat cereals.
It is considered a leader in nutritional value with a minimum calorie content. Dozens of diets are based on the use of buckwheat group. It is used in vegetarian nutrition as a substitute for animal protein, because in its composition the volume of vegetable protein reaches 18%. The product is rich in iron, magnesium. These trace elements are important for the hematopoietic system, the work of the heart.
Buckwheat should be the basis of nutrition for people with diabetes. It has a minimum glycemic index, does not increase the level of sugar during assimilation by the body, respectively, does not cause its sudden jumps. There are cases when eating buckwheat and following a strict diet precluded the need for insulin.
Buckwheat does not belong to cereal crops, like most well-known cereals, but to herbaceous plants. Her closest "relative" is sorrel, so the calorie content of the product is minimal, up to 90 Kcal per 100 grams of product. She comes from India, where she is called "black rice."
Oat groats are made from oats, which are subjected to various types of processing. For this porridge, the beneficial properties are determined by the intensity of the grinding. The coarser it is, the more useful the product. Therefore, it is recommended to include in the healthy diet not oatmeal, quick to prepare, but oatmeal. The degree of its mechanical processing is minimal.
Groats are rich in trace elements and vitamins. But its main value in another is the abundance of fiber. Grains are composed of insoluble fibers that act in the intestine like a brush. They cleanse toxins, simultaneously removing cholesterol, toxic substances. But only a product prepared on water has such healing qualities.
Also, oatmeal is necessary for people with a violation of the digestive tract. With gastritis and peptic ulcer, it reduces the severity of attacks, as it envelops the walls of the stomach with a film of gluten.
This cereal is a product of grinding barley grains, which formed the basis of the diet of ancient people. It is known that only Roman gladiators used it as food, since protein-rich cereal quickly replenished strength. The famous reformer Tsar Peter I loved pearl barley, but in Russia the culture of its use was lost a long time ago, replaced by wheat.
Today, barley is perceived as a state-owned, army, and budgetary porridge. Moreover, it has a lot of useful properties. It contains protein, rich in potassium, phosphorus.
There is fiber in it, which is important for the proper functioning of the intestine. The problem of modern pearl barley is that it has forgotten how to cook it.
Because of this, the ancient cereal, which was consumed on all continents, was in the margins of cooking.
Barley should always be soaked before boiling. It is necessary to fill it with water for 12 hours, then rinse and boil. On an open fire, you only need to bring the cereal to a boil, after that, rearrange the pan in a water bath and simmer for 6 hours under the lid.
Another ancient cereal millet should be present in a healthy diet. Millet is a product of its minimal processing, so a large amount of valuable fiber is stored in it. For this porridge, the beneficial properties are intensive bowel cleansing, the ability to remove toxins, metal salts. Croup stimulates the purification of blood vessels, reduces the likelihood of developing atherosclerosis.
The product is rich in carbohydrates, due to which it provides a long-lasting feeling of satiety. Not suitable for nutrition with pancreatitis, as those present in the polysaccharide cannot be completely processed by a weakened pancreas. For the same reason, millet should not be consumed by people with diabetes.
Despite the fact that for our table this product is unusual, unusual, it is necessary to use it. Corn has a unique property. She is very satisfying, so eating a lot of it will not work. The body’s assimilation period is long, its carbohydrates are broken down for more than 4 hours, providing a gradual flow of energy.
It contains vitamins A, E, PP, a large amount of potassium and magnesium. These trace elements are valuable for the work of the heart. It lowers cholesterol and effectively cleanses the intestines, similar to oatmeal.
The product is included in the diet of a billion people on the planet. The value of rice cereal is well known in China, India and other countries of East Asia, where it is an essential component of the diet.
In our country, rice is perceived differently, and not because we do not know how to cook it.
The fact is that we use completely different varieties of it – white, peeled, whose value is minimal in comparison with “classic” rice – brown, unpolished.
The latter is highly effective in cleansing the body of toxins. And there are extremely few calories in it. Our varieties of cereals are less productive in this regard, they contain more easily accessible carbohydrates. However, they are also necessary for the health of the body, since rice has sorbent qualities, envelops the intestinal wall, and normalizes digestion.
The benefits of this cereal are not widely known; it’s not customary to cook linseed porridge. But to get to know her as a terrific source of essential amino acids is necessary. It supplies the body with the most valuable substances that are part of the structure of the skin, bones, and joints. Flax is the source of youth.
Also, cereals contain vitamins and minerals. The leader among the latter is potassium, which is 7 times more than in the well-known record holder for this component – banana. Flax porridge has a similar effect on the digestive tract with oatmeal and rice: it envelops the mucous membranes with a film, improves digestion.
The most harmful cereals
It is customary to give porridges exclusively useful properties. However, there are potential “pests” among them. Nutritionists consider porridge with a high glycemic index, as well as those in which there is practically no fiber, as such. They bring the body "empty calories." There are several champions here.
- Semolina. It is a product of the finest grinding of wheat, therefore, in a small amount contains vegetable protein and vitamins. However, the main share of its composition (70%) is formed by starch, which can not be consumed by overweight people or those who seek to reduce it. The benefits of cereal in the morning from semolina are exaggerated for babies. The cereal contains a complex mucopolysaccharide, which the child’s body cannot break down. It also reduces the intensity of movement of the intestinal villi, inhibiting digestive activity.
- White rice. Nutritionists call it an empty source of calories. There are really a lot of them in white rice, but there are practically no vitamins and minerals. Brown, wild and red varieties of this cereal are of high value.
- Instant oatmeal. Surprisingly, oatmeal can also be harmful. This is called finely ground flakes, which are boiled in 5 minutes, or those that can simply be steamed with boiling water. There is no fiber or other valuable ingredients in such a product. The calorie content of oatmeal from a bag of sugar is equivalent to a piece of cake.
Any cereal can be harmful if its individual intolerance exists.
More than 30% of the world’s population suffers from gluten intolerance, and in 1% of people this genetic condition provokes the most serious consequences after eating gluten-containing cereals.
With regular consumption of cereals with gluten (oatmeal, wheat, semolina, pearl barley), a disease of celiac disease is formed. It manifests itself in persistent digestion with a decrease in the intensity of absorption of nutrients from the intestine.
Gluten is present not only in cereals, but also in products from them. It is found in bread, pasta, sausage and canned food as additives. There is no cereal protein in buckwheat, rice, corn grits, millet.
Rules for making healthy cereals
In order to get the maximum benefit from the product, it must be correctly selected and prepared. Then the porridge will turn out to be really useful. Here are a few subtleties of proper product preparation.
- The less processing, the better. Any grain contains the main spectrum of nutrients in the upper shells. Therefore, the less they are lost in production, the more valuable the dish will be. Eat wholemeal oatmeal, unpolished rice and cereals, kernels that only crush: corn, barley (barley).
- Rinse the grits. This will save her from dust and will not wash away any useful substances. The need to wash the grain is dictated by basic hygiene.
- Eat without fat. The advantage of oatmeal, for example, is its ability to bind and excrete cholesterol. However, it is completely lost when you use it with milk, since cereal binds milk fat, and not the one that donkey in your intestines. Other cereals with fiber act similarly. Boil them in water for maximum benefit.
- Use healthy and tasty supplements. A breakfast cup will be much tastier if you add raisins, dried apricots to it, put pieces of apples or nuts, sprinkle flax seeds, sesame seeds, and decorate with fresh berries. Such components do not increase the calorie content of the dish, but make it more tasty, healthy.
Regularly consume valuable cereals, their benefits and harms are individual and depend on the characteristics of your body. However, the number of useful cereals is large. And among them you will surely find those that will delight you with taste on an everyday table and will not bring unpleasant consequences.