Choosing the right diet for a pet is the key to his health and good mood. In this article, we will consider how to feed a Syrian hamster at home, make a list of useful and harmful products. The list will help inexperienced owners quickly navigate and create the perfect menu for the baby.
We will also analyze what can be given to a Syrian hamster, and what is absolutely impossible to feed him.
How to feed a Syrian
The diet of the Syrian hamster in the wild consists of 3 main components:
- cereal grains;
- juicy feed (greens, vegetables, fruits, berries);
- protein foods (small insects, worms).
At home, providing a pet with a balanced diet is not difficult.
Seeds and nuts
- red millet;
All these components can and should be included in the diet of the Syrian hamster.
The only thing you need to pay attention to is that the percentage of fat-containing seeds and nuts (sunflower, peanuts) is minimal.
It is better to use such food as a treat so that the pet does not begin to gain excess weight.
You can prepare a mixture of seeds for the baby yourself, to be absolutely sure that all the components are suitable for the pet. In the composition, in addition to the above components, it is good to include more seeds:
These components diversify the baby’s diet and saturate the body with useful substances.
Greens and tree branches
Fresh green food should also make up a prominent part of the rodent’s daily menu. Here is a list of useful plants:
- wheat grass;
- to dream;
- nettle (only treated with boiling water);
- leaf salad;
- seedlings of wheat, oats, millet and other permitted seeds.
There are plants that can be included in the diet of the Syrian hamster, but this must be done with caution. It:
Grass for feeding a pet needs to be collected away from busy roads (the best option is your own garden plot), rinse well with running water and then dry.
In order for the rodent to grind constantly growing teeth, it is recommended to offer fresh branches of fruit crops and deciduous trees:
Cut branches in an environmentally friendly place. Before you put them in a cage, you should rinse the branches and remove all the knots.
The daily diet of the Syrian hamster needs to include some juicy, vitamin-rich vegetables. The most useful vegetable crops for small rodents:
Hamsters are especially fond of carrots and cucumbers, but kids are always happy with other vegetables. Choosing a fetus for feeding should be very close. A small pet’s body can hardly tolerate any “chemical” substances, so the vegetable must be guaranteed to be grown without the use of pesticides and nitrates.
Even a small dose of chemicals when ingested in the digestive tract of the animal will cause poisoning.
Vegetables should be fresh, without rotten patches. All root crops must be washed well before treating them with a pet. It is better to peel vegetables and cut into small cubes so that the baby is comfortable to eat.
Sweet fruits are not recommended for daily use by rodents – they can lead to undesirable weight gain and diabetes. However, sometimes, as a treat, you can offer your pet:
- apples (if the apple is sweet and sour, you can give it more often);
- pear (first try giving a small slice to trace the bowel reaction);
Before treating the baby with fruit, remove seeds and seeds from them, cut into small pieces and give one to the rodent one at a time.
Berries are on the list of what Syrian hamsters eat in their natural environment. In a small volume it will be useful for them to feast on:
Berries should be picked ripe, but not ripened, and it is good to wash them.
Consider how you can feed a Syrian hamster to provide the rodent with protein. Here are the most useful and accessible sources of this component of the diet necessary for animals:
In order for the listed products to be beneficial, they should be given in limited quantities.
“Protein days” are best arranged for a pet twice or thrice a week. Products need to be alternated.
What to drink the animal
Once the question of what you can eat the Syrian hamster is resolved, you need to figure out what kind of liquid the animal needs to be given. Contrary to popular belief, succulent food is not enough to provide the animal with moisture.
The cage must have a special drinking bowl for rodents, filled with fresh clean water.
What can not be given
Despite the fact that hamsters are considered omnivorous animals, there are many products whose introduction into the diet will adversely affect the health of the animal and can even lead to a tragic outcome. To avoid this fate, you need to clearly understand that you can not eat Syrian hamsters under any circumstances:
- fats in any form (whether plant, animal or animal);
- salt, sugar, artificial food additives, seasonings;
- bulbous plants (tulips, lilies, etc.);
- acidic plants, fruits and berries (sorrel, sea buckthorn, lingonberries, etc.);
- plants saturated with essential oils (mint, garlic, etc.);
- dairy products (except fat-free cottage cheese);
- seeds of berries and fruits;
- peel of a potato and its sprouts;
- bakery products (with the exception of self-made crackers);
- canned food, smoked meats;
- food intended by the manufacturer for other animals or for birds.
If you feed the animal properly, avoiding what it is impossible for him, he will remain healthy and cheerful for a long time.
All of the above products should be completely excluded from the diet of the pet.
General feeding guidelines
Since the Syrian hamster is the most active animal in the evening, feeding should be divided into two stages. In the morning, give a smaller portion of the feed, and in the evening – a large portion.
It is necessary to carefully check all the secluded places in the cage for the purpose of detecting hidden supplies and throw away spoiled goodies.
When choosing a purchased mixture of grains, which are mainly eaten by rodents, you should definitely check the expiration date.