Too many families, especially those with young children, have hamsters as pets, among which the most common are Dzungarian and Syrian. But not everyone knows that in order for the animals to live and live, it is not worth giving them leftovers from their table. So how do you feed a hamster?
The content of the article:
General recommendations: how to feed domestic hamsters
Food for hamsters should contain a large number of calories, no less than the food of their wild counterparts. The basis of the diet is a special mixture of grains of different types, which is given to the animal up to two times a day. Moreover, the portions are not divided equally. The fact is that the hamster behaves calmly during the day, and activates later in the evening, therefore, the first part of the feeding he is offered a smaller part of the daily allowance, and the second – the larger.
- sunflower seeds;
- soft grass;
The same diet is suitable for Dzungarian hamsters.
When purchasing food for feeding a hamster at home, it is necessary to inspect the packaging and make sure that it is designed specifically for these animals, and also to see if the expiration date has expired.
Depending on the breed of the animal, the daily food intake is 1 to 3 teaspoons of the grain mixture.
How to feed Dzungar hamsters, as well as Syrian hamsters, except for purchased food
You should periodically treat them with some types of fruits and vegetables, saturated with juice and vitamins. The truth is do not forget that the portions should be small.
Among the vegetables useful to the little rodent, it should be noted:
Also, the Syrian hamster, whose nutrition must necessarily include greens, will gladly treat itself with lettuce and celery, parsley and dill.
From grasses, the foliage of clover and dandelion is suitable for him. But you should not give the animal plants torn off on city lawns near highways. They absorb all the harmful substances and carry in themselves not good, but rather a threat to the health of a living creature.
In addition to foodstuffs, when taking care of hamsters, for good health, hamsters need vitamins and minerals contained in special food additives. True, most often the animals do not like them and refuse to eat.
How to drink hamsters
We have more or less understood how to feed a domestic hamster, but not many people know that it needs to be watered as well. There is an opinion that the animal has enough water received with food, but this is a mistake.
In fact, it is necessary to drink it, only a simple bowl or plate can be easily overturned by it. Therefore, there are special drinkers on sale, water from which cannot be spilled.
How to not feed hamsters
How you can feed the Dzhungar hamsters, as well as the Syrian ones, is already known, now let’s talk about the main types of products that are strictly prohibited for these animals:
- Cabbage, potatoes, all kinds of citruses, kiwi, garlic and onions can seriously upset the digestive system of the animal and lead to its death.
- Raw pasta – when they bite, the animal can cause serious injury.
- Branches of conifers – they secrete resin that is harmful to the health of animals.
- Food for birds and rodents of a different species – it does not contain all the necessary substances, and may also include harmful ones.
- Spicy, salty, pepper food, various seasonings – can cause irreparable harm to health.
- Sugar and foods containing it can ruin your teeth and provoke diabetes.
- Watermelons, sorrel, fruit and berry seeds – can cause serious malfunctions in the body.
- Fatty and fried foods can be torn away by the digestive system.
How can I feed hamsters of the Dzungar hamsters, as well as Syrian: the difference in their diet
Next, let’s talk about the difference between the Dzungarian and Syrian hamsters. The former are very small, three times smaller than the latter. Dzungarian hamsters are somewhat similar to mice and have a corresponding color. Syrian hamsters have a golden suit and a more spectacular appearance. The conditions of detention for both animals are approximately the same.
There is a slight difference in nutrition between these two species of domestic rodents. It is due to the characteristics of their natural habitat. Dzungarian hamster in the wild lives in arid steppes and semi-deserts. In this regard, most of the fluid consumed is contained in feed, and only minuscule it gets in its purest form.
This feature should be taken into account before feeding the hamster. He does not need the constant presence in the cell of a reservoir filled with water. If you have a Dzungarian hamster at home, it is better to saturate it with very juicy fruit and vegetable crops.
The rodents in question in nature love to stock up food so as not to starve in the winter. They carry them in cheekbags and hide in secluded places. Living in a cage, animals do the same. But some products deteriorate very quickly, and their subsequent use can result in serious poisoning. Therefore, before feeding a hamster of the Dzungarian hamster or Syrian hamster, it does not matter, you need to make sure that he does not have rotting food supplies hidden in him, to which he will gladly add a new portion.
When thinking about how to feed a hamster, consider the above feature and offer him a minimum of perishable products.