In the conditions of home keeping hamsters, every caring owner really wants to treat his furry pet with a wide variety of fruits, vegetables and berries and, at the same time, watch with interest how he “hamsters” this or that juicy treat offered. However, far from all juicy food is safe for the hamster, and you need to give it to your rodent with great care!
What types of food are dangerous for a hamster?
Therefore, a safe food for a hamster can be considered only that you have grown yourself or your loved ones. Alas and oh, but the fact remains: every year not one or two hamsters die, having been poisoned by such delicious-looking cucumbers, lettuce leaves and melons …
So, discuss the greens. Dill, parsley, lettuce, leaves of clover, plantain and dandelion – all this can be given to the hamster, he will enjoy treats with pleasure. However, the juicier the greens, the more dangerous it can be for a hamster because of the ability to accumulate numerous harmful substances from the soil and air … That is why wild greens need to be collected where there are no roads in a radius of 200-300 meters, very thoroughly washed and dry before offering the hamster.
Parsley “weakens”, therefore, it should be a little hamster in the diet, and it is generally advised to exclude it from the diet of pregnant and lactating females. Leaf lettuce is a succulent plant, so they should be treated with extreme caution. Sorrel, green shoots of onions and garlic should not be given to hamsters. Celery – theoretically it is possible, but to find an "environmentally friendly" celery because of its juiciness is perhaps as difficult as choosing at random one sand from a handful of sand, therefore it is better to refuse this treat.
Let’s move on to the vegetables. Hamsters should not be given cabbage. It is not only difficult for digestion (frankly, it is VERY hard), but it also often causes bloating … Interestingly, there are not so rare cases when cabbage is the only cause of death of a hamster. Tomatoes, in principle, can be given to hamsters, but in a very, very small amount. But you can let the hamster indulge in sweet pepper!
If there is confidence in the "purity" of the vegetable, then you can treat the animal with a cucumber (preferably after cleaning it first), a pumpkin and a zucchini – the hamster will not refuse. Potato hamster is strictly forbidden: it is too heavy for digestion, as it contains a lot of starch. Beets are allowed, but the hamster will not benefit from it. But you can treat the animal with carrots and radishes at least every day – there will be no harm from them.
It is not worth giving the hamster green peas – before you get into his bowl, this vegetable must undergo a special heat treatment … Therefore, you can treat the hamster only with baby peas made from green peas. But it is permissible to offer the animal soft young asparagus sprouts.
About fruits and berries. Treating the hamster with fruits and berries with pits, do not forget to remove the last of the pieces offered to the animal! The hamster can be poisoned by treating itself with a bone, and not the fact that they can save the little greedy …
In addition, sweet fruits and vegetables should not appear in the diet of dwarf hamsters – many of these animals have diabetes (even if he still has not made himself known, this does not mean that he is not!), And it’s much safer to keep them on a special diet, avoiding sweets.
Apples should not be given to hamsters under the age of two months because of the danger of ascites. I personally do not recommend treating the hamster with a pear – it "weakens". In addition, the pear is too sweet, and many of its varieties spoil very quickly, so the hamster can be poisoned by an unfinished piece of fruit. Apricots, plums, cherries, cherries can be given, but in very small quantities, and apricots and plums can only be fresh (the sugar content in dried fruits is too high, so they can not be given). A peach – you can’t, it is too sweet and spoils too quickly … Compared to the harm that a hamster can do, its benefits and good taste seem insignificant.
Watermelon and melon should not appear at all within the hamster’s reach! And the thing is not only that they are very sweet and quickly become worthless. They are so watery that people often suffer, poisoned by nitrates and heavy metals accumulated in watermelons and melons. A hamster to die from poisoning, a much smaller dose of these toxic compounds is enough …
You can treat the hamster with small berries of strawberries and wild strawberries – many animals love them. But raspberries should be very careful – and it "weakens", so it is better not to give it at all. You can not treat the hamster with sour berries (for example, sea buckthorn or barberry) – excess acid will not be useful to the animal!
It is believed that you can treat the hamster with grapes, however, you should be extremely careful with him: the berry should be small, not immature and not fermented. In addition, it is better to immediately remove and throw away the unneeded grape than to let it safely rot in the hamster’s pantry, spoiling along with its other stocks and allowing the animal to be poisoned.
It is impossible to give a citrus to a hamster in any case: here, as in the case with sour berries, again, it is all about acid! You can not give tropical fruits, with the exception of bananas: they can be given a little bit, immediately disposing of the half-eaten. You can treat the hamster with banana chips.
As you can see, far from all vegetables, berries and fruits, you can treat a hamster without fear. To make life easier for the “home owners”, I will list all the safe goodies that you can feed your hamster in the summer (however, remember that many of them should be given little by little):
Leaves of dandelion, clover, plantain
Sweet (bulgarian) pepper
Apples (without seeds)
Sweet Cherry (pitted)
It is impossible to embrace the immensity. And you should not have expected that the article will list ALL existing fruits, vegetables and berries – I settled only on the most common. As for those that are not included in the text of the article, you can consult with rodentologists about their use. Or use the indispensable golden rule of a good host: "Not sure – don’t feed!".