How to feed hamsters
In addition to the dry mixture, it is necessary to feed the animals with juicy food.
What hamsters can and can’t do, product list
The table shows the main groups of products from what is possible and what cannot be eaten by rodents:
The table gives general principles on how to feed a hamster, based on them, make a pet diet.
What you can give hamsters, the quality of food
If you do not plan to get rid of the animal in the near future, pay attention to the quality of the feed. The animal should not be fed “from the trash”, moldy grains and rotten fruit are not suitable for babies. Food at home should consist only of fresh and high-quality feed.
In their right mind, no one will give the pet rotten fruit. But for animals dangerous and slightly spoiled apples with barrels are also dangerous. A porridge that has stood for two days in the refrigerator is not afraid of a man, and a hamster can get sick from it.
How to feed animals with fruit
Fresh vegetables and fruits can be put in a cage in large pieces or cut into pieces.
Since the hamster can only be fed with fresh products, be sure to remove the remnants of succulent feed no later than after 8 hours.
Is it possible for hamsters give the same food in winter and summer
The diet of animals is quite diverse. It includes: grains, nuts, fruits and vegetables, protein foods. Seasonal cycle have vegetables and fruits. In the middle lane, cucumbers and plums grow in the summer. At this time, they have many vitamins. There will be no benefit from plums for the new year. It was: either grown somewhere far away, or processed with chemicals that protect against damage. Such a product does not need to be given to an animal. As for watermelons, it is better to exclude them from the diet. They have a lot of water, and nitrates added during cultivation are perfectly dissolved in it.
It is better to harvest fruits in season. To do this, dry apricots and pears, and then add to your pet. Instead of greenhouse cucumbers, feed the animals carrots and turnips, which preserve vitamins well, apples can be given from fruits.
Can a hamster be given exotic fruits?
Fruits are fed hamsters at home regularly. They should be sweet, without sourness. As for the imported exotic – animals do not need it. Such fruits as: kiwi, papaya, pineapples, mangoes will not bring any benefit to the steppe animals. Not to mention something more exotic. The only fruit that has come into tight use is a banana; they can be fed without fear.
How can I feed a hamster that was left without a mother
It is a great misfortune if the babies lost their mother at birth or she escaped from the cage.
As you grow, your diet becomes richer. Add animal purees without salt and sugar to animals:
Boil them porridge on the water. A monthly animal can be fed adult food. Grind it if necessary.
Controversial issues or how not to feed a hamster
There are products that cause controversy among pet owners. Is it possible to give animals milk, how much cheese can be given and how crackers and bread will harm.
To answer these questions, you will have to return to the diet of animals in the wild:
- Adult animals do not eat milk, and the composition of the cow is not suitable for cubs. Babies who are fed bread soaked in milk survive only thanks to their potential health, and not to full feeding.
- It’s not worth it to feed your home hamster cheese. It is quite oily and contains a lot of salt: this will damage the rodent.
- Bread and bakery products are completely not edible for rodents, although they will chew them. There are too many harmful ingredients in breadcrumbs and cookies in the form of fat and sugar. If you decide to feed something like that, choose savory dryers. It will not be too useful, but in a minimal amount it will not cause harm.
How to feed hamsters
The closer the hamster’s diet to natural nutrition, the better for the animal. The less processed the product, the more useful substances are preserved in it.
These rodents are children of the steppe. It’s easy to guess what hamsters eat. The basis of their diet is cereals of varying degrees of maturity: seeds, grass sprouts. Juicy roots and roots harvested in vegetable stores are also included in the menu of these resourceful animals.
Protein food is also necessary for animals. In the wild it is: insects, wounded birds and small animals.
So, the diet of animals consists of:
The list of products can be supplemented if you have experience in raising such animals. You can make cereal mixtures yourself or supplement them with grass seeds or cereals.
Water and mineral stone must be in the cage to grind the incisors.
Nutrition and care dangers of improper feeding
It happens that inexperienced pet owners feed the animal seem to be right, but get a bad result: the animal is gaining excess weight, there are digestive problems. What could be the reasons:
- the animal is given many goodies;
- at home, the animal does not have enough "simulators";
- hamsters’ food consists mainly of prepared dishes: cereals and boiled vegetables
So feeding hamsters is unacceptable, even if they like it.
In nature, animals run a few kilometers a day. They need exercise. In addition to the wheel, for running in a cage there should be: paths, labyrinths, moves and ladders.
The hamster eats twice a day: morning and evening. The evening portion should be larger, because in the evening there is a peak in activity of these nocturnal animals. Restrictions on dry food can not be imposed so as not to create additional stress for the animal. Let the dry mixture in the trough constantly. Change it so that it does not have time to deteriorate. But the goodies – dose, especially if they are sweet, if you do not want to feed the animal and bring it to an illness.
What do dwarf hamsters eat?
Feeding Dzungarian hamsters practically does not differ from the feeding of Syrian hamsters, with one exception. Toddlers are prone to diabetes. For this reason, hamsters should not be given sweet fruits as their main diet. It is better to limit yourself to rare cases and give such fruits in small quantities.
How to feed hamsters at home in special cases
Special cases are the time of illness or the feeding of small hamsters. For kids, boiled cereals on water or baby food in jars without sugar, milk and gluten are suitable.
In case of illness, the owner of the animal must consult a veterinarian, but one-time disorders can be tried to correct:
- If the animal has diarrhea, you can give the hamster a rice decoction or slightly undercooked rice.
- If – constipation, it is necessary to give him 2 drops of liquid paraffin after 3 hours. Here, oil is not so much food as medicine.
An elderly hamster eats worse. It is more difficult for him to cope with large chunks of food and hard food. You can grate vegetables and fruits on a grater and steam cereals. However, solid food must be added, without it the animal will not do. A decoction of chamomile, brewed twice a day, is also good to give to “pensioners”.
It’s easy to take care of rodents, but you need to know what hamsters eat. To do this, study the question of what hamsters are fed with, and how they cannot be fed depends on the health of the animal and its mood.
“A day, one adult hamster can be given no more than 2 tbsp. l stern". Who came up with this phrase? Rodent food should always be. Maybe he will eat just a teaspoon. But, if there are few products in the feeder, then he will begin to stock up instead of a normal diet. Moreover, without completely disassembling it, it is a raw carrot or seeds. Then all this good begins to rot, mold and stink. Do you need it?
Do not be greedy, put the hamster more food. He will understand that you don’t need to worry about the future, and he eats no more than what is supposed to be.
"Sometimes a hamster can be pampered with sausage or sausages." What nonsense. The current sausage contains so many “useful” substances that Mendeleev with his table would cry with envy. And then feed the poor animal!
No sausages, smoked meats and fish! Just one bite can kill your rodent.
"Boil the hamster porridge in milk, adding a little sugar and salt for taste." More like a recommendation on how to kill an animal. Because:
- Hamsters should not be given milk! By the way, cheese is also undesirable. You can once a week a small piece of fresh cottage cheese, and it is better to replace it with boiled chicken protein.
- Sugar and salt are strictly prohibited! This is deadly. And a tiny dose is enough.
- Groats are given to hamsters only in raw form. Cooked can cause constipation and severe gas formation.
One gets the impression that such unfortunate advisers generally write from the bulldozer and the hamster has never been seen even in the picture.
“To grind your teeth, put pine or spruce branches in a cage.” In principle, hamsters need wood. But not coniferous. Let it be twigs of any hardwood. Be sure to wash them, and if possible clean them from the bark.
"Hamsters are steppe animals and can do without water for a long time." Another heresy. Only camels can do without water for a long time. And hamsters need it. Therefore, there should always be liquid in the drinker.
By the way, you may not observe how much the rodent drinks. It may seem to you that the fluid is not decreasing. But then he is a hamster, not a camel, to drink just a little bit. Do not hesitate, he does it regularly.
“If there was no special feed on the market, then purchase for any other rodents.” No, it’s just some kind of mockery! I would also be advised to buy cat or dog food. To be sure.
Do not hesitate, the hamster eats anyone, but then do not be surprised at the sudden death or illness of the animal. It’s better not to buy anything at all than to do such experiments.
"Sometimes give your rodent a slice of pineapple or avocado." What nonsense! Where did such exotic fruits come from in the steppe? In general, if you are in doubt whether it is possible to give a pet some product, then just turn on the logic. In the natural environment, this occurs – then feel free to offer the hamster. This does not grow in the steppe zone – so give up the venture.
For example, bread, cookies, crackers. No doubt, most rodents love these products. But bread doesn’t grow on trees. Accordingly, the hamster is not recommended to give such a treat, even sometimes.
Or almonds. Well, like nuts, can they be something for rodents? But no. Almonds are not a nut, but a kernel from a seed. Everyone knows that hydrocyanic acid is a poison. And that it is contained in the kernels of almost all stone fruits: apricots, almonds, plums, cherries. Your hamster will quickly stretch its paws from such treats. And yes, these trees do not grow in the steppe.
How to make a diet for a hamster yourself
This is actually very simple. For full development, the daily menu should include cereals and cereals, succulent and animal feed, vitamin supplements. All food must be fresh and clean. So, what to feed a hamster with?
Cereal feed. Oats, wheat, corn, rice (a little), barley. Nuts (in small quantities), seeds of sunflower, melon, watermelon, pumpkin. Buckwheat, sesame, millet, and oats. But bean is better not to get involved. The digestive system of a hamster can react to them very unexpectedly.
Juicy feed. For the most part, this is fresh grass (dandelions, carrot and beet tops, clover, plantain, meadow plants). You can also give slices of carrots, apples, pumpkins, zucchini. Beets, bell peppers, tomatoes – this is also given raw. But giving potatoes is not recommended, even boiled.
By the way, dried fruits and vegetables are suitable as a treat. Just not candied fruit! And do not abuse, give them occasionally and a little. The same rule applies to fresh berries (currants, cherries, raspberries, strawberries, cherries).
Vitamin supplements. You can’t throw a piece of chalk into the cage and think that this is enough. Minerals should be pretty hamster to the fullest. And, no matter how varied the menu is, there will always be something missing.
- the hamster will receive all the vitamins and minerals
- the animal will have to grind long teeth
As you can see, everything is solved quite easily. Just don’t drag any cobblestone from the street! There are no nutrients in it. Your hamster will not be interested in a hamster.
What else to treat your pet
Hay. The most common meadow, your area. Just cut it into pieces of about 11-14 cm. So the hamster will not be able to get entangled in it and will not cram completely behind the cheeks, risking scratching his mouth.
Jerusalem artichoke, radish, squash, green peas in pods. Green salad, sprouted grains of wheat along with sprouts, dill, parsley.
To avoid a lack of protein, you can give a piece of cooked chicken meat without spices and once a week. Perfectly replaced with peeled boiled shrimp. Again without fanaticism.
Dried apricots and raisins can be given, but occasionally. The fact is that these products contain a large amount of sugar, so if you abuse them, the hamster may begin to become obese.
And further. All nuts must be unshell, otherwise the hamster will hurt his cheeks. By the way, acorns and bumps, as some sources recommend, cannot be given to rodents. Their teeth are perfectly ground, but there is no use at all. For the same reason, hamsters do not give pasta in any form.
How to feed a hamster at home? A balanced diet. Just do not buy cheap ready-made feed. They still can not provide a complete diet. It’s much easier to create a rodent menu yourself. It’s not difficult, and how much does your hamster need there?
Features of the diet of hamsters
The diet of a hamster depends on its type. The food of the Dzungarian hamsters includes fruits and vegetables. After all, Dzungarian hamsters are steppe hamsters. They are used to eating “juicy” food, getting fluid from it.
Syrian hamsters in nature live in meadows (sowing), forest-steppes and at the foot of the mountains. Therefore, they like to eat wheat, oats, corn, seeds and herbs.
Hamsters love to stock up on food. Therefore, if the bowl is empty, this does not mean that the hamster ate everything. Perhaps he hid the food in a secluded place.
Serving size should be small. Then the stocks of hamsters will become less.
The number of meals for all types of hamsters should be at least two times a day (morning and evening).
Hamster nutrition should be correct. In winter, add vitamins to your hamster’s diet.
A hamster diet should include:
- Vegetables – tomato and cucumber, zucchini, pumpkin.
- Greenery – Fresh leaves of beets, sprouts of oats and wheat.
- Fruits – an apple, a pear.
- Corn – watermelon seeds, oats, millet.
In the diet of the Dzungarian hamster, 1-2 times a month add dried fruits, peas and beans (dried).
The best feed for hamsters
When buying feed, pay attention to the packaging. It must be airtight and without damage. It is important that moisture does not get into the dry mixture, otherwise the food will become moldy.
Learn the composition of food for hamsters: it should not contain many sunflower seeds. They are high-calorie and harm the health of the pet. The composition of a good feed necessarily contains dried fruits and seeds.
- "Homka" – the trademark "Zoomir". It contains natural cereals, dried fruits and vegetables.
- "Animals" – company "ZOOMIR". It contains a complete composition for an active and healthy life of the pet.
- Chika – bio-food for Dzungarian hamsters. Contains natural ingredients. The composition of the feed was developed taking into account the characteristics of hamsters of Dzungarian hamsters.
Ideal hamster food composition includes:
- not less than 14% of proteins;
- no more than 8% fat;
- 5-8% fiber;
- vitamins A, E, phosphorus, calcium;
- cereals and legumes;
- dry vegetables and fruits (lumpy or in granules).
The composition of the feed should not be:
- a lot of sunflower seeds and nuts (high-calorie foods);
- exotic fruits;
- vegetables with a high starch content (harmful to the digestion of the hamster);
- salty and sweet ingredients.
Select the food for the hamster, taking into account individual characteristics. For dwarf hamsters, the food should be “convenient” in size so that it can easily be hidden in the cheeks.
Introduce new food into the diet gradually so that the hamster gets used to it. Remove the uneaten food so that it does not deteriorate and does not lead to an upset stomach in the pet.
A serving of food depends on the size of the hamster and ranges from one to four tablespoons.
Allowed Hamster Products
The food of Syrian hamsters is not much different from the diet of Dzungarian hamsters and other domestic hamsters. The diet should be balanced and include vitamins (fruits, vegetables and herbs). There is one difference – Syrian hamsters feed mainly on crops. Therefore, the basis of the diet are grains of wheat, oats, seeds.
The hamster can be given:
- bell pepper, tomato and cucumber;
- vegetables containing little starch: carrots, beets, zucchini;
- grain crops – millet, oats, seeds;
- boiled egg;
- dried fruits;
- berries – currants, blueberries, strawberries, cherries and cherries;
- fruits – apple and pear.
Instead of water, sometimes give the hamster milk: it is rich in protein. Boil milk and watch for fat content (up to 1.5% fat content). But you can not completely replace water with milk: this will cause digestive problems.
How can you pamper hamsters
Give these hamsters no more than 1 time per week:
Bananas can also be eaten by hamsters, but only "on special occasions" and in small quantities. The pet’s teeth are constantly growing and need to be grinded on solid food, so you can’t give the banana often to the pet. Make sure that the hamster does not hide this sweet treat, as a banana is a perishable fruit.
Considering the severity for digestion that dairy products (cheese, milk, egg) and cabbage give, it is better not to give these products to a sick hamster. Replace the best with a balanced ready-made feed for the hamster.
Prohibited Hamster Products
Do not feed hamsters:
- sweets. Everything that contains sugar is bad for hamsters. Foods can cause diabetes;
- products containing salt and spices. Harmful to the digestion and stomach of the hamster;
- exotic fruits. May cause allergies;
- smoked, fatty and fried foods;
- any dairy products;
- breakfast cereals;
- mushrooms, onions and garlic;
- peeling potatoes;
These prohibited foods are harmful to the digestion of the hamster. They cause poisoning, malfunction of the digestive tract of the pet. Their use leads to grave consequences.
Not only the hamster’s activity and health depends on a properly selected diet, but also his life span.
Hamster Nutrition Features
When buying, you definitely need to find out which breed the animal belongs to. In Russia, you can meet only two classifications of individuals – this Syrian and Dzungarian hamster. The second species is used to living in a dry habitat (desert or steppe). If such a rodent appeared in the house, then you can not worry about the constant filling of the feeder with water. They drink very little, they can do without liquid even for several days. You can even do without water if you supplement your hamster’s diet with fresh fruits or vegetables every day.
In the video, Denis will talk about the care and maintenance of the Dzungarian hamster at home, give some useful tips:
Syrian hamsters, on the contrary, used to live in wet conditions. The normal habitat for them are meadows, forests and foothills. This breed of animal can not do without vegetation, you should constantly add to the diet grass, herbs and cereal products.
As food for hamsters of these species, a regular, purchased food is suitable. But for some it may seem too costly. In addition, some rodents eat it reluctantly. Therefore, you need to replace the feed with homemade food.
How to feed a hamster at home?
In a normal habitat, the hamster is able to feed itself. However, he can also make a supply of food for himself. At home, he does not have the opportunity to do this. Respectively, the owner should take care of the choice of food for him.
In this case, three basic rules should be considered:
- Food must be balanced
- Match the age of the animal,
- Match the time of year.
For feeding, you can use a choice of any of the following products:
Particular attention should be paid to how and in what time to feed hamster, so that he does not have problems with the digestive system.
How to feed a hamster?
Nutrition Rule for Small, Elderly and Weakened Hamsters
- Rodents too young and old may have weak teeth. Therefore, it is completely necessary to exclude nuts that he will not be able to chew;
- It is recommended to give vegetables, fruits and berries in grated form;
- To improve digestion, you can give dairy-free cereals, the same as they cook for young children;
- Completely exclude foods that contain starch, sugar or salt;
- Cereals and plant products, on the contrary, must be present in large volumes;
- Water for weakened hamsters can be seen with herbal decoctions, for example, from chamomile. But it can not be used after it has stood for 12 hours.
Use artificial feeding measures only if if the rodent goes hungry for more than a day. This can negatively affect his health.
The Importance of Vitamins for Rodents
Video: what hamsters eat
In this video, Daria will share the secrets of feeding domestic hamsters, what they like to eat, and what they are not recommended to give:
How can you feed hamsters, and what can not?
What is a balanced and proper diet for a domestic hamster? What should he be given daily, what is better to limit, and what is forbidden to feed?
That’s why safest food for your pet, only the one that you or your friends yourself raised in your own garden.
Fact! Annually, 2 adult hamsters die from chemical-treated cucumbers or salads.
Be sure to include in your hamster’s daily diet:
To feed the hamster in case of diarrhea or constipation, you can give:
- Croup boiled in water. Before you cook the cereal, it should be soaked in water in advance.
- Boiled rice in plain water. It helps the hamster with diarrhea and indigestion.
- A drop of sunflower oil is added to the base diet for constipation.
What can be given to a domestic hamster in small doses:
- Several vegetables and fruits, except for any kind of cabbage, exotic fruits, beets.
- Sweet drying, unsalted popcorn.
- Any nuts – walnuts, forest or sesame.
Than hamsters can not be fed
We already wrote that domestic hamsters categorically can not be given any exotic fruits, spicy, salty, peppered or too sweet, as well as fatty foods, for which the animal’s small digestive system is not at all designed.
This means that the hamster is contraindicated with honey, any sweets, gozinaki, ice cream, halva and shortbread dough: for a pet, it is a slowly killing poison. In the diet of the rodent should be absent – any milk, butter, cream, kefir and sour cream. Cabbage, fried, meat, chocolate products, pasta, bread, breadcrumbs are not recommended for the pet, as they include an ingredient that is dangerous for the hamster. Yes, don’t be surprised, hamsters should never be given bread, but only grain.
Naturally, garlic, hot pepper, onions, sorrel rodent can not be given. Do not forget about melons and watermelons, as well as apricot or cherry stones, which contain acid harmful to the hamster.
Each time, make sure that the hamster eats only fresh, unspoiled foods and feeds, ripe fruits and vegetables, and has the necessary amount of fresh water. Only in this way will your playful pet please you and your family for a long time with its cheerfulness, activity and healthy appearance!
How to feed a hamster
Fresh food. Fresh and, best of all, green feeds must be included in the daily diet of the pet. From fruit hamsters will be useful apples, peaches, bananas, dried fruits – dried apricots, raisins. At the time of fresh greens, it is useful to pamper the hamster with a leaf mixture of dandelions, parsley, lettuce and tree leaves.
Thin twigs and hay. Suitable as, rather, entertainment or additional food. Hamsters use hay in the construction of nests, and twigs (best from fruit trees) are well suited for grinding fast-growing incisors.
Vitamins and minerals. Usually, special food for hamsters contains, in addition to the grain component, a vitamin complex. But in the winter-spring period, or for females during pregnancy and feeding, it is advisable to introduce independent vitamins into the diet. Preferred vitamins in packages. Among the weighed ones often come across substandard, expired products.
Water. Hamsters drink quite a bit, but hanging a special drinker in a cage will not hurt. The pet can drink as much and when he wants. It is undesirable to put a bowl of water – most likely, the animal will turn it over and the litter will get wet.
Of course, you want to pamper your beloved animal with many goodies, but – you can’t. What is normal for humans can cause serious damage to the animal’s health. It is impossible: fatty and fried, breakfast cereals and pasta, sausages, milk. Sugar and other spices, sour cream, cream and butter, onions, garlic and potatoes are strictly prohibited. Cabbage can be given rarely and in small quantities – it causes bloating in most animals.
Exotic fruits like kiwi, avocado, pineapple, as well as any fruit juices are contraindicated to the hamster. All flour and sweet products, including sweets, chocolate, marmalade, etc., should be excluded from the diet of the animal. Mushrooms, citrus fruits, coniferous branches should also not appear in the feeder.
How to feed a hamster?
How to feed a Dzungarian hamster?
How to choose food for hamsters?
How to feed a hamster?
How to feed a hamster?
Hamsters are perhaps the most enjoyable and cute creatures from the rodent family. Today, many pet lovers buy hamsters. In fact, these small creatures do not require constant attention of the owners (they do not need to walk several times a day). For a hamster, the main thing is that there is always a certain supply of food, water in the drinker, and, from time to time, a clean cage. So, keeping these pets at home is not at all difficult. Rodents have a standard diet – vegetables, cereals. But still, if you are the owner of a hamster, then you should familiarize yourself with the daily diet of your pet in more detail. With proper care, nutrition and care, these animals are able to delight their owners for two to three years.
From the very beginning, you need to learn a few truths:
- domestic hamsters do not eat like their brothers, who live in a natural environment;
- You cannot feed your hamster what you eat. These gentle creatures simply can not cope with human food;
- hamsters eat everything! They do not understand which food is healthy and which is not. For this they need owners;
- Do not buy hamster food for parrots, rats, guinea pigs and so on. Although it seems to you that the list of products in the composition is very similar, but each feed undergoes special processing designed for a certain type of pet.
In addition to dry food, hamsters need fresh herbs, juicy vegetables and fruits. But all food should be fresh and washed. Here is a list of foods that domestic rodents are allowed to eat: carrots, zucchini, pumpkin, lettuce, apples, grapes, currants, small amounts of apricot, pear, banana.
If you are the owner of a hamster, you should definitely know what you can’t feed your pet with. First of all, these are many dairy products, exotic fruits, cabbage, potatoes, fruit pits, cones, hay. Nuts, cereals and seeds are perhaps the favorite food of these animals.
Most likely, you are interested in the following questions: how many times a day you need to feed a hamster, how much an animal can live without food, how the feeding occurs in stages. You need to find out all this before you buy fluffy baby. You need to feed the hamster once or twice a day. These animals tend to make food supplies, first in the cheeks, and then transfer them to their “warehouse", so it is not necessary to leave the feeder with food in the cage. Without food and water, the pet will live quietly for two or three days, but leaving it for a week in a cage and without food is better not worth it. Although the homesters spend a lot of time in deep sleep, nevertheless, after waking up, they definitely need something to eat. Alternate dry food with fresh products, daily change the water in the drinking bowl.
Well, how much hamsters eat specifically depends on their breed and individual characteristics. But you do not need to measure the volume or weight of food. It is enough to feed the pet several times, and pay attention to how much it eats, and how much it hides in the cheeks. Then you can guess approximately with portions.
How to feed a Dzungarian hamster?
Dzungarian hamsters are cute tiny creatures that are considered picky to eat. But this does not mean that you can feed the Dzungarian hamster horrible. Hamsters of this breed are really very small, but they have a fast metabolism, so you need to follow a special balanced diet. Proper and healthy food will help your pet grow up healthy, fun and active. So, what is vital for a little jungarik?
- Standard dry food for hamsters.
- From two months you can already give small pieces of apple, currant, other fruits and vegetables. The main thing is not to overdo it with a portion, so as not to cause diarrhea. Remember that these pets have a very delicate stomach.
- Basil and coriander.
- Vitamins (if they are not included in the dry food).
- Protein-containing foods (pumpkin seeds or melons, lentils, sesame seeds, flax seeds).
- Boiled meat (chicken, turkey).
You can feed your pet in the morning or evening. But the main thing is to do it every day and at the same time! Let food be in the trough always. For a day, a dzhungarik should more than have enough of a tablespoon of food. Overeating kids is completely useless. It is also very important to consider the individual characteristics of your animal. If your jungle is not thrilled with apples, then offer him a banana or other substitute. Do not forget that the drinker should always be filled with fresh and clean water, even if it seems to you that the hamster does not touch the water at all.
The daily diet of the Syrian hamster is no different from other breeds of these animals. The main thing is that every day there is a fresh and varied food.
How to choose food for hamsters?
Today there is a very large assortment of ready-made dry feeds for domestic hamsters. It is important to buy food specifically for hamsters, and not the rest of the rodents. Naturally, the owners of these domestic animals are always interested in what kind of food is better to get.
Of course, the best feed from foreign manufacturers, although it is much more expensive in price. Here are the most popular feeds from European companies:
- JR FarmHamster (German).
- VerseleLaga Hamster Nature (Belgian).
- PadovanGrandmixCriceti, FioriCriceti (Italian).
- VitapolKarma (Polish).
Also good dry feeds are: “Homka”, “Homka Gourmand”, “Animals”. Carefully read the composition and focus on expiration dates. Let your pet be always full, satisfied and healthy.
How to feed a hamster?
We already talked in detail about the daily diet of hamsters. You already know that there are different breeds of these little domestic rodents. Each type of hamster has its own characteristics in the care, in feeding, but there is such food that is forbidden to eat all domestic rodents.
Many are interested in the question whether hamsters can use cabbage. There is no definite answer, because sometimes the owners give their pets a bite of cabbage and, it seems, the kids are delighted with such food. But, do not forget that the hamster is not a rabbit. The structure of the digestive system in these animals is completely different. In general, cabbage is very difficult for the digestive tract of hamsters. But if you still decide to include it in the menu once or twice, then nothing bad will happen.
Is it possible to feed rodents watermelon? This question arises more than once among beginner hamsters. After all, sometimes such a temptation to treat your four-friend with delicious exotic fruits from your table. But the answer is no and no again! This fruit is full of sugar, nitrates and other toxic substances that can kill a small animal. The same goes for kiwi, oranges, apricots, peaches, pineapples.
If you already became the owner of a hamster, then you should know exactly what you can give from food, as well as what they eat in addition to food. We have already talked about this above. No need to share with your pet all that you eat yourself.
Closely monitor what you can give from food, what you can’t. After all, these are not empty warnings. Hamsters are very gentle creatures, they are unlikely to independently refuse to offer the food, because animals never think about the possible consequences.
What, besides feed, is it possible to feed the little fluffies? The menu can be very different:
- some dairy products;
- sunflower seeds.
If before purchasing a pet, you will carefully study what you need to feed it with, which vegetables you can poison a hamster, and which ones will be very useful, then your pet will live a full and long life.
T: How to feed a hamster at home?
D: Eating a Dzungarian and Syrian hamster at home. How many times a day do they eat? What can I feed? What can be given from food? The best food.
K: how to feed the little Dzungarian Syrian hamster of the Dzungarian hamster at home nutrition list how much they eat volume food weight what can be given except once a day can live without food can cabbage vegetables watermelon feeding the best food
To begin with, everything that is bought on the market can be dangerous for the health of your pet, since you do not know where, how, and using what technologies the purchased bunch of parsley or salad was grown. Maybe he was grown near the highway with heavy traffic, or processed with a huge amount of fertilizer and pesticides. And then it happens that you gave a little of this greens to your pet, and the cheerful hamster wilted after a while, he got vomiting, diarrhea, increased salivation, convulsions or paralysis began.
And it will be good if you manage to help the rodent in time by applying emetics and washing the hamster’s stomach. If you do not see signs of poisoning in time or do not help the pet, then most likely it will end sadly. It is regrettable, but every year many hamsters die from poisoning with cucumbers, lettuce or watermelon. And the owners just wanted to pamper their favorites fresh.
To begin with, we will consider what most often grows in our personal plots. This is greenery. You can feed your pet with parsley, dill, lettuce, as well as leaves of dandelion, plantain and clover, he will like this treat. But at the same time, juicy greens can be a dangerous hamster, because it can absorb harmful substances from air and soil.
The rodent grass must be collected away from the roads, rinsed well and dried before feeding the rodent. What grass can a hamster and how to collect it we told here.
Parsley has a laxative effect, which is why it must be given to rodents in small quantities. And from the diet of pregnant and lactating females, this product must be completely removed.
Hamster should be given leaf lettuce with caution, as it is a succulent plant. But sorrel, green shoots of onions and garlic can not feed the animal. Celery can be rodents, but it is very juicy and therefore it is likely that such food will harm. Therefore, it is worth giving up.
To grind your teeth, offer a hamster a branch of deciduous or fruit trees. Such as birch, beech, maple, poplar, oak, willow, cherry, apple or pear. A branch of coniferous trees is not allowed to rodents, because they contain tar, harmful to hamsters. Twigs should be collected away from roads and before feeding the pet wash in boiling water.
What vegetables can hamsters
Opinions vary greatly regarding cabbage. Some believe that all varieties of cabbage are useful for hamsters, except for red cabbage, from which the stomach swells in animals. Others believe that cabbage is very difficult for the digestive system of a rodent, so it should not be given. Our opinion is that a hamster can be fed with cauliflower and broccoli, but it is better for a pet to refrain from feeding other varieties of this healthy vegetable.
You can treat your favorite tomato, but in small quantities. But sweet bell pepper can feed the hamster without restrictions.
You can also invite your pet to enjoy cucumber if you are sure that it is free of nitrates and other harmful substances. The hamster will not refuse pumpkin and zucchini. For feeding rodents use only the young fruits of zucchini. A pumpkin can not be fed animals under two weeks of age.
Potatoes contain a lot of starch, so it is not recommended to give it. But occasionally you can give the hamster a small piece of raw or boiled potato if the pet tolerates this product well.
You can feed the hamster with beets, but there will be no benefit from this vegetable. Better offer the rodent carrots or radishes – these vegetables are rich in vitamins and will bring the pet only benefit. They can be given to small animals at least every day.
It is not worth it to treat the hamster with fresh green peas; before feeding the pet with this vegetable, it should be heat-treated. You can treat your pet with baby pea puree or offer young asparagus sprouts.
What about berries and fruits
When offering a hamster fruit or berries, first remove the seeds from them. After all, your pet chews everything, including the bones of apples, cherries, containing toxic substances that can be fatal for a rodent.
If you have a dwarf hamster, then feeding him sweet fruits and berries is undesirable. Since these animals are prone to diabetes, it is safer to exclude such fruits and berries from their diet, preferring vegetables.
The most popular fruit for feeding hamsters is an apple. Sweet animals are best suited for these animals, but rodents do not need to give sour and unripe fruits. Also, do not feed your pet fruit with traces of rot. It is not recommended to offer apples to small hamsters up to two weeks of age, they may develop ascites – fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavity.
Some varieties of pears cause a laxative effect, so this fruit should be given in small quantities.
Apricots, peaches, plums, cherries and cherries can be given, but in small quantities and not more than once a week.
In winter, when there is no fresh fruit, you can treat the hamster with dried fruits. Rodents can be given raisins, dried apricots, banana chips, dried apples and pears. Before feeding dried apples and pears, they must first be soaked in water for 2-4 hours.
The hamster can be fed with strawberries or strawberries – your pet will be very happy with such a treat. Raspberries must be given in small quantities, or not at all – it weakens. Also, do not give rodents sour berries such as barberry or sea buckthorn. Excess acid will not bring any benefit to a small animal.
You can offer your pet a small grape berry. The grapes must be ripe – the pet cannot be ripened and fermented. Carefully observe the pet, if your hamster does not eat the whole berry, remove the leftovers and discard so that the grapes do not rot and spoil all the stored supplies, and does not lead to poisoning of the animal.
Do not feed your watermelon and melon. After all, often people suffer from nitrate poisoning, which absorb these melons. And hamsters can even die.
Citrus and exotic fruits for the hamster are banned. There is a lot of acid in citrus fruits, which can cause digestive upset in a small animal.
The exception is only bananas – they can be given a little. Or offer banana chips.