Caring for the Dzungarian hamster is not difficult, it is enough to equip the cage with everything necessary and provide the pet with a regular and high-quality diet. If you do not follow certain nutritional rules, then the hamster can become ill and live with the owner for a short time. Dzungarian hamsters eat literally everything that you can’t offer.
However, not all products are recommended to them. It should include in the menu of the animal only food that is healthy for him. What can be given to a small animal, and what cannot? How to create an ideal menu for a hamster? Consider the basic requirements for nutrition and diet.
The main food of the Dzungarian hamsters
What is included in the dry mix?
Some owners make their own grain mixes. In this case, they dilute the above composition with buckwheat, beans, lentils, barley. It is not forbidden to add melon, pumpkin or sunflower seeds to such food.
Hamsters love nuts, you can add nuts, cashews, chickpeas, sesame seeds, hazelnuts to the composition. Do not forget about the quality of such a mixture, all products must be fresh.
You can diversify your hamster’s diet at home with an extensive list of products. Dzhungar hamsters can use greens, in the summer you can treat your pet with clover, plantain leaves, dill, parsley. The list of vegetables and fruits is extensive.
The vegetable nutrition of the Dzungarian hamster includes:
- Bell pepper.
- Fresh corn, beans and peas.
- Cucumbers and fresh tomatoes.
If you include fruits in your diet, then hamsters can have bananas, grapes, apricots, apples and plums. It is not forbidden to feed the Dzungarian hamster at home with cherries, cherries, rose hips, strawberries, gooseberries. Pear should be pampered in rare cases, it "weakens".
Dzungarian hamsters gnaw at tree branches with pleasure. Fresh branches of birch, cherry, maple, pear, oak, apple tree are suitable for them.
In addition to grain crops, in the wild, hamsters can eat animal food, sometimes turning into a predator, eating carrion or killing smaller animals. At home, you should start from this factor, choosing food.
Special dry food
Eating a Dzungarian hamster at home must include special cereal feed. There are a huge number of them on our market, so you can offer a choice to the dzhungarik and trace his preferences.
In addition to the composition, they are strikingly different in quality, it is also worth paying attention to. The case when a Homa protests and flatly refuses a certain brand is far from uncommon.
Also, you can not feed the Dzungarian hamster with grain mixtures intended for other animals
A couple of times a week, you should feed the Jungar hamster with protein food, for example, cottage cheese or a piece of boiled chicken, a boiled chicken or quail egg, low-fat boiled fish is perfect. All of the above products should be prepared without spices and seasonings, which are harmful to a small body.
Let’s look at a list of foods that can still be fed homa:
Before feeding homa parsley, dill and other herbs, rinse and dry it thoroughly. Thanks to this simple procedure, moisture, which may contain harmful substances, will go away. Remember that parsley has a laxative effect, it should not be given if the homa is in position.
Feed with care
Dwarf hamsters, which include the Dzungar hamsters, are prone to diabetes, so feed fruits and berries in moderation and carefully.
If you want to diversify the food of homa with fresh products, then instead of fruits, you can focus on vegetables.
Below is a list of vegetables, fruits and berries, which in moderation will not harm the health of the Dzungarian hamster, but rather replenish the supply of vitamins and nutrients.
Fruits can be offered to Dzungarian hamsters after reaching the age of two months. Carefully watch that the cells do not remain half-eaten pieces, they deteriorate quickly enough and ultimately can lead to poisoning of the rodent.
Some varieties of pears have a laxative effect, so it should be introduced gradually and in small quantities.
- Chinese cabbage.
- A tomato.
- String Beans.
- Fresh corn.
You can feed tomatoes with homa if they are grown in your garden, as varieties sold on the market often contain a lot of pesticides.
A similar rule is fully applicable to cucumbers. Beetroot will not harm your pet, but actually does not carry any beneficial substances in itself. But carrots must be included in the diet of homa.
- Banana Chips
- Dried apples.
- Dried Pears
- Dried apricots.
Fruits and vegetables, grown independently, or bought in places of no concern, will be a big plus.
Poisoning people with pesticides is far from uncommon, let alone such miniature creatures, a similar dose for which will become fatal. As for dried fruits, because of the high sugar content, they should be given in small quantities.
Prohibited Products List
It is not necessary to give white cabbage to Dzhungar hamsters, it causes increased gas formation and is difficult to digest. There were cases that she became the cause of the death of a poor rodent. Limit potato homa, it is too heavy for digestion and can contain a huge amount of pesticides, plus it contains too much starch.
Remember that any branches of fruit trees collected in the city can seriously harm the dzungarika, having a deplorable effect on health. In our ecology, this fact does not even require explanation.
In no case give the Jungar hamsters food from your table. Fried, fatty and floury foods are very harmful to his health.
Below, in the list, we will take a closer look at the products that can not be given to Dzungarian hamsters, these are:
- Sour cream.
- Cherry or apricot kernels.
- Coniferous branches.
There is a lot of controversy about products that should or should not be included in a hamster’s diet, in which one half advocates harmlessness or utility, and the other adheres to the opposite point of view. Such products include beets, radishes and bananas.
In any case, the choice will be yours, if there are fears of giving this or that food, it is better to refuse than reproach yourself for what you have done. After all, the list of products that is completely harmless to the Dzungarian hamsters is quite extensive.
We make the "right" diet for the Dzungarian hamster
The food, which is suitable for feeding the Dzungarian hamster at home, is practically no different from the feed that he gets in his natural environment, that is, in the wild.
So, the most common food for Dzhungra hamsters are cereals, namely:
- legumes (peas, beans, beans, lentils).
Such domestic rodents as Dzungarian hamsters do not refuse nuts, which, by the way, are very useful for the fluffy organism. Therefore, experienced zoologists strongly recommend introducing such nuts as cashews, hazelnuts, chickpeas, walnuts, and even sesame seeds into the daily diet of hamsters.
Now let’s talk about fresh greenery, without which hamsters cannot fully develop. Of course, in late autumn, winter and early spring it is extremely difficult to enrich the diet of a furry friend with such food (if you do not breed greens at home), but what prevents us from adding greens to the pet’s menu at other times of the year?
Fortunately, hamsters are used to eating almost all vegetables and fruits. But so that you do not have doubts whether to give this or that product to your pet, let’s take a closer look at all the vegetables and fruits that should be in the diet of the Dzungarian hamster.
For convenience, we have reduced all the data into a single table.
In the cold season, it is extremely difficult to provide your pet with a complete diet. But if you worry about this in advance, then in summer or autumn you can stock up with dried fruits or frozen foods (vegetables, fruits, berries).
It has been clinically proven that a balanced diet, in which all of the above products are present, ensures the full growth and development of the rodent, and also strengthens its immune system.
Hamsters are very fond of bamboo shoots, sprouted oats, wheat and alfalfa. Therefore, if you want to pamper your pets, then such a treat is great for this role.
In the warm season of the Dzungarian hamsters, you can offer twigs of deciduous and fruit trees. Believe me, almost all hamsters love to gnaw such a treat.
Birch, beech, cherry, maple, pear, oak, apple, poplar twigs will not only clean the teeth of your furry pet, but also saturate its body with all useful substances.
In order for your fluffy to fully develop in his diet, there should be protein food, which boiled chicken meat (without seasoning and salt), shrimp meat, earthworms are perfect.
Eggs can also be good sources of protein. The menu of the Dzungarian hamster can contain both quail and chicken eggs, but it is extremely undesirable to give them more than twice a week. Sour-milk products (home-made kefir and yogurt) in the menu of a fluffy pet should not be greasy, maximum 1%, otherwise the hamster will have digestion problems, which can be eliminated by means of rice broth.
A new product in the diet of the Dzungarian hamster needs to be introduced from small pieces, look at the reaction and condition. Gradually increase the volume.
So, the main menu should include the main food, the food should be enriched with fruits, vegetables, herbs from the list of recommended foods.
Hamsters eat often, and they also stockpile. You should remove spoiled food from the house in order to avoid rotting, mold. In addition to the spread of unsanitary conditions, the hamster can be poisoned.
It is not difficult to organize meals at home. In order for the hamster to feel good, it is important to avoid prohibited foods, not to feed him with human dishes, to monitor the cleanliness of the cage. Only in this case, the dzhungarik will feel good, delight the owner with funny behavior and live the time set for him.