Fluffy pets depend on the quality of care provided to them. The size of the cell with the right filler, diet, the organization of washing and drinking bowls – all these factors contribute to the good health of rodents. We must not forget about the attention that pets require.
How to keep a hamster
A living rodent in its natural habitat is very mobile, because it must regularly get its own food. Pets of this type can run several kilometers in a short time. Keeping hamsters at home is based on providing sufficient space for movement. The cage should be large (for example, 50×30 cm), and the number of floors does not play a role, but it is also made of durable materials (not wood). Its area and accessories are important: labyrinths, a wheel (necessarily a large diameter), a ball.
How to care for pets? The cell needs to be cleaned, because any filler exudes a smell, which results in the ability to absorb moisture. When caring for hamsters, you should remember that toys must be washed. It is important to carefully care for hamsters, for example, to choose the right material that is used for flooring the bottom of the house. Existing materials:
- paper (napkins, newspapers, etc.);
- fibrous material (fabric, cotton);
- corn filler;
- wood chips and granules (pressed and simple sawdust);
- cellulose filler.
House for the hamster
The cage for fluffy rodents is large, which complicates the task of finding the place of its installation in the house / apartment. If the problem is solved, how to care for the hamster, you need to consider the requirements for its location. It is recommended to avoid places near the batteries, because the minimum allowable distance from heat sources is 2 m. There should not be windows / doors and other draft sources (fans, air conditioners in the room) nearby. So, the corridor, the kitchen and the balcony are not suitable for this task. Such restrictions are due to the tendency of hamsters to diseases.
In addition to accessories, you also need to take care of where the drinker and bowl for food will be located and how. The air in the room should be at an acceptable temperature, hamsters love heat, but not heat (22-28 degrees). It is necessary to protect the pet from stresses that significantly reduce the life of small animals. This means that the children’s room is not suitable for installing a cage. To care for the hamster’s house, it should be washed once every two months. It will be correct to use baby soap because of the minimum amount or complete absence of flavorings. All rodent toys should be washed.
When dealing with the question of how to care for a hamster, you need to know that the filler must be cleaned at least 1 time within 3 days. However, this period can be extended by using non-hygroscopic materials that do not absorb moisture. The closest to this group are corn and granular wood filler. The paper quickly gets wet, which immediately causes a smell. Common sawdust is slightly better in properties.
What do hamsters eat?
In the natural environment, small animals of this species feed on plant and animal food. The basis of the diet of hamsters is the seeds of cereals and legumes. At the end of winter, rodents feed on green grasses. Closer to summer, the diet is changing, seeds and berries are added to it. In the same period – tubers. Animals can feed on insects and even carrion. If an individual belongs to a large species, it preys on small animals.
How to feed a hamster at home
You can enter special compounds in the diet. Popular foods from manufacturers Hamster, Rodent, Animal, Little One, Prestige, Vitapol, Benelux, Fiory. Granular, grain mixtures are selected. In addition to dry food, you need to give hamsters wet food. It can be fruits, vegetables, low-fat or low-fat cottage cheese, chicken (breast), boiled egg. Wet food is given at different frequencies and in certain quantities. How to care for a bowl for food? It should be washed every day, constantly maintained in full condition, so that the lack of food does not introduce the animal into stress.
When dealing with the question of how to care for a hamster, you need to know that it is recommended to periodically give your pet a nibble on a branch, and chalk / mineral stone is added to maintain a normal level of calcium in the body. Pumpkin seeds, nuts, sunflower seeds and herbs (clover, lettuce, dandelions) – all this should be included in the rodent’s diet. You can not give sweets, fatty and salty foods. Spices should be excluded, as well as citrus fruits. Stone fruits (apricot, cherry) are also not suitable.
Food for hamsters of different breeds
Dzhungarik is not fastidious, the usual diet, which is described above, is quite suitable for him. The main food is cereal grain. The lack of special preferences simplifies the care of Dzungarian hamsters. Dwarf pets consume portions, equal in volume for individuals of large species, due to accelerated metabolism. Be sure to add carrots, apples, crackers of white bread and herbs (the same as for the Dzungarian hamster and other species).
Siberian hamster should receive fruits in moderation, the basis of the diet: seeds, nuts, grains, vegetables. Representatives of the Syrian species feed, as well as vegetables. Fruits should be in moderation. Syrian hamsters are picky about choosing food. It is recommended to pay attention to the brand of compounds that the rodent prefers.
Care for the hamster and its offspring
The female’s pregnancy lasts 16-18 days, in the Dzungarian hamsters this period increases to a month. Closer to birth, you need to provide the pet with complete peace, not pick it up. A pregnant female hamster should receive an increased amount of nutrients: calcium, protein. Fruits, eggs, cottage cheese, cheese, and also sprouted wheat are added to the diet. The basis of nutrition is cereals.
It is necessary to ensure peace, which is important in the first week of life. Hamster cages should also be cleaned regularly. After about 7 days, you can give the kids water, for this they use a drinker. The offspring of hamsters should be divided: males and females separately, but this must be done some time after birth. For a child of Syrian rodents, the period is limited to 3-4 weeks. How to care for babies if they do not have a mom? A newborn individual who abandons the milk of a surrogate mother eats a milk mixture, for which a syringe without a needle is suitable.
How to wash a hamster
This should not be done without urgent need, because fluffy pets are clean. However, if you still have a question, how to care for Dzungarian hamsters or pets of other species, first they warm the water (40 degrees). How to care for rodents and wash them? It is forbidden to wet the head, only the trunk is allowed to wet. Bathing should be short, after which the animal’s hair is dried with a hairdryer.