From the condition of the teeth, you can easily determine how healthy the home rodent is. Having carefully looked at the face of the animal, it is easy to notice two large incisors sticking out of the mouth. In fact, the animal has more teeth, they simply are not visible. The incisors of rodents are unusual, they continuously grow throughout life, so they need to be cut periodically. The owners should ensure that the hamster’s teeth remain clean and healthy.
How many teeth does a hamster have?
If you look at the face of the animal, it seems that he has only two long incisors in his mouth. But this is a misconception. The hamster has 16 teeth: two incisors and six molars on the upper jaw, the same number on the lower jaw. By chisels, the animal gnaws solid food, and grinds it with molars. Thick rodent cheeks interfere with the entire dentition. To consider the teeth growing in the depth of the oral cavity, you need to take the hamster with your fingers by the scruff, and pull the cheeks back. Then the jaw will be almost completely exposed.
Why are hamsters’ teeth yellow?
Many pet owners wonder why the hamster has yellow teeth. Is this evidence of a dangerous disease? Or is the animal malnourished? So nature ordered: the tooth enamel in rodents is not white, but yellow. The owners do not need to worry: the yellow teeth of the hamster are not a pathology, but a norm. If the incisors of the animal suddenly began to darken, covered with a brownish coating, then the pet is simply getting old. Or he eats food with an excessive content of dyes.
Why do hamsters sharpen teeth?
Breeders know that the incisors of their furry pets grow all their lives without stopping. Therefore, rodents are forced to constantly grind their gnawing tools. Why it happens? The fact is that hamster incisors have neither roots nor nerve endings, they are empty bone tissue. Therefore, the grinding process is not accompanied by pain or discomfort. To sharpen the teeth, the animal simply painstakingly nibbles any solid object that catches your eye. Interestingly, the hamster’s teeth are covered in front with a thick layer of enamel, and in the back with a thin layer. This unevenness of the coating is not without reason: when sharpening, the ends of the incisors do not become dull, but sharpen. And with sharp teeth, the rodent easily gnaws any solid food. The animal has to grind its molars, like the incisors.
How do hamsters sharpen teeth?
When does a hamster need to cut its teeth?
Sometimes the animal needs urgent dental care. A rodent can accidentally knock out or break off a tooth. You should not be particularly worried: a damaged cutter quickly grows to its normal size. The problem is different. Due to injury, the incisors grow unevenly, one is longer than the other. With this pathology, the animal can not eat normally, gnaw solid food. To prevent the hamster from starving, the incisors need to be trimmed. This is a simple procedure, carried out by her veterinarian. The doctor cuts off an extra piece of a longer tooth. If it is not possible to visit a veterinary clinic, then you can do a pet treatment at home. How to trim hamster incisors at home? To trim the hamster’s teeth, you need to take manicure tweezers or a cat nail clipper, carefully cut off the excess part of the incisor. The animal will not feel pain if the procedure is carried out carefully.
How to identify dental problems in a hamster?
How to understand that a pet with teeth is not all right? It is necessary to observe a rodent, its behavior is a good indicator of health.
- Increased salivation in an animal is a sure sign of tooth loss.
- If the hamster bangs its teeth, then it is annoyed or angry. Usually the animal does not like that it is squeezed by strangers.
- With an incorrect bite, the jaw does not close completely, the hamster does not feel well, the remains of food get stuck in his cheek pouches.
- If the rodent grinds its teeth, then it expresses dissatisfaction. Probably, the pet is in a stressful state, constantly straining and experiencing fear.
- If incisors grow crookedly in the animal, then it eats weakly and chews food with difficulty.
How to prevent dental diseases in a hamster?
The owners should carefully monitor the health of the pet. It is important to periodically examine the jaws of the animal in order to prevent the occurrence of pathologies. Rodents do not like it when they open their mouths forcibly, try to escape and run away. Therefore, you will have to torment yourself to keep the hamster in your hands when viewed. If the molars of the animal are even, and the incisors have the same length, then everything is in order. To keep the hamster teeth strong and healthy, it is advisable to buy calcium-based feed for your pet. If the hamster begins to behave strangely, refuses food, sprinkles with saliva, then you must immediately show it to the veterinarian.