Hamsters became famous as the most unpretentious pets. This is not entirely true: rodents require a responsible attitude. If you learn in advance how to care for a hamster at home, this will prolong the animal’s life, and the owner will avoid disappointments and discontent due to deceived expectations. In our age of accessible information, it is enough to use the Internet to read everything about hamsters.
Care for hamsters at home begins with the acquisition and arrangement of the cage with all the necessary equipment. But the organization of the hamster’s life does not end there. The animal in a confined space is completely dependent on the owner. Care must be taken to maintain a comfortable temperature throughout the year.
It does not matter at what temperature hamsters live in nature, at home it should be 20-24 C.
The cage is protected from sunlight, and in hot climates it is recommended to equip the room with air conditioning. The hamster cage should not stand close to the heater.
The air should be fresh and clean, without pungent odors and smoke. Ventilating the room, beware of creating drafts.
Rodents do not tolerate noise, so next to the cage they do not turn on the TV, music or loud household appliances.
A hamster cannot be woken up during the day, it’s good if there is a house in the cage so that the pet can hide. It should explain to children how to properly care for a beast with a nocturnal lifestyle, and prepare to endure the noise at night.
How to take care of hamsters: daily care
The hamster is fed 1-2 times a day, usually in the evening. The basis of the diet is dry food, but it is very important that the pet also receives juicy and protein foods. You should carefully study the list of prohibited and permitted foods, otherwise the animal may get an indigestion or even die.
Children are often instructed to take care of hamsters: it is very interesting to watch them during a meal. Small pieces of vegetables and fruits can be prepared in advance.
Pets provide fresh drinking water. Even in a closed car drinker, it is recommended to change the water every day.
Many are interested in how to care for hamsters so that there is no unpleasant odor from the cage. That the pet was healthy, and not too "fragrant" it is very important to monitor cleanliness. Every day, the remnants of products that may deteriorate are removed – rotting fruit or stale meat is dangerous for the owner of the pantry.
The bottom of the cell must be generously covered with filler. Sawdust used to be used, but now the most popular are corn and cellulosic fillers. The litter not only absorbs urine, but also allows the animal to dig, make hiding places.
You need to clean the hamster every day, removing the wet filler and adding fresh fresh water in return. The animals are clean and most often relieve themselves in the same place (“toilet corner”). But general cleaning with a complete replacement of the filler and washing the cage is not required so often: 3-4 times a month. Excessive zeal in this matter will lead to a nervous breakdown in the hamster.
Hamsters are far from the most contact rodents, because in nature they live strictly alone. At home, the content of the hamster should also be single, if there are several animals, then there should be several cells. Such a pet does not seek to communicate with the owner, so you will have to devote a lot of time taming an independent rodent.
There are certain rules of communication, if they are not followed, the hamster will show fright and aggression, annoying the owner. In the first days after buying a small animal, it is better not to disturb it at all, no matter how much you want to squeeze a fluffy lump. About a week he will get used to the new house, and at the same time to the voice and smell of the owner. At this point, it is recommended pronounce a pet’s name while feeding.
Domestic hamsters differ little in temperament from wild counterparts, they must be patiently accustomed to hands so that communication gives joy to both the owner and the pet. With hamsters, the main tool is food reinforcement – you need to teach your baby to take a treat from the palm of your hand. Gradually, the rodent will get used to the hand, then it can be pulled out of the cage. The animal should be handled with care – a tiny animal can be injured if it jumps out of its hands or gets too tight. It is safest to wrap your hands around it, forming a "house".
- wake up the animal;
- take from above, from the back (association with predator attack);
- make sharp movements (even in the case of a bite, you need to remain calm).
Hamster care should include daily communication. If you do not take the pet in your arms for a long time, a “rollback” will occur, and the taming will have to start anew. Contact should occur at the time of the activity of the animal (in the evening).
Keeping hamsters in tiny cages or a three-liter jar is cruel to the animal, which in nature runs several kilometers daily. It is no accident that their home is equipped with a running wheel. Care for hamsters can be to ensure their leisure. Owners equip entire playgrounds, labyrinths and tunnels for curious rodents.
Despite the need for movement and variety, letting a pet out for a walk around the apartment is possible only in a walking ball. Otherwise, the hamster at home is in mortal danger – it can become stuck, be crushed / pinched by the door, fall, fall into a pot, eat a poisonous plant, cut the wire under electricity. Catching a pet can be very difficult.
You can not organize a walk on high surfaces (table, sofa). All hamsters come from the flat steppes, they do not understand and are not afraid of heights. There is a high risk that the pet will fall.
Is it possible to walk a hamster on the street
Well-intentioned, some owners seek to let their pet stay in nature. But a home hamster from such a walk will not receive pleasure, but severe stress. Not many people think that a pet can become seriously ill.
In nature, the predator lies in wait for the animal: dogs, cats, rats, crows. A smart kid can easily run away and get lost forever. The environment on the street is more aggressive and unstable: the hamster can become too cold, especially if the grass is wet, or overheat in the sun. Land and grass are often infected by parasites and are a source of infection due to wild rodents.
The hamster often becomes the first pet of the child, since the care and maintenance of the animal at home is not too burdensome. But proper care of him is also necessary. It is good to acquire a rodent in a professional nursery: an experienced breeder knows everything about hamsters, and will willingly tell you how to care for them. Often, along with a young hamster, the buyer receives a brief instruction. If a pet is bought on the market, you can find information on how to keep a hamster, on the Internet or in specialized literature.