The teeth of a hamster are an important criterion for assessing the health of a rodent, because it was born to “nibble”. The peculiarity of the front incisors is that they grow all their lives, so they constantly need to be sharpened. To monitor your pet’s health, it’s important to know how many teeth your hamster has. If you have never looked into a pet’s mouth, you might think that it has only two front “fangs,” but that’s not so. The hamster has 16 teeth: these are 2 incisors on the top, 2 on the bottom and 6 root for chewing food. At first glance, only 4 incisors are visible. To see the remaining 12 you need to gently take the hamster by the mane, pull back the cheek bags.
Why does the hamster have an “amber” smile?
These animals have yellow enamel, not white. If the incisors have turned very yellow in a short period of time or a brown coating has appeared, this may indicate old age or that there are a lot of dyes in the animal feed. If you have a concern about yellowness, discard bad thoughts, because a healthy hamster has incisors of this color. We figured out why the hamster has yellow teeth – for him it is quite natural.
If you have a hamster, you probably took care of installing a chalk or mineral stone in the cage so that it could sharpen the incisors that have been growing all its life. Stones or twigs should always be in the cage of a small pet.
To properly care for the animal, study the structure of the hamster’s teeth. They have no roots, so they grow without stopping. Due to the absence of nerve endings at the base, grinding is painless.
The expression “sharpens teeth” does not need to be taken literally: the animal gnaws a solid object, as a result of which self-sharpening occurs. Nature has thought everything through: rodent incisors are coated unevenly with enamel, a strong layer on the front side, thin or absent on the back. When the animal gnaws on solid objects, the incisors are not erased evenly, but are sharpened like a chisel. The molars are also self-sharpening, as they have surfaces and irregularities.
When is dental care required?
Do hamsters lose their teeth? Unfortunately, this happens. This is preceded by injuries due to which the tooth may fall out or break off. What to do if a hamster has a broken tooth? Do not worry too much. If one of the incisors breaks, it should grow back. The owner’s task is to monitor the length and preservation of the remaining teeth. After the injury, the animal will “protect” the incisors and not fully use them, which leads to their rapid growth and defective grinding. This situation is dangerous, because the rodent will not be able to eat properly, you have to cut the hamster’s teeth. The veterinarian will be able to do this, the procedure is simple and the doctor will quickly remove the excess.
It is not worth your pet to shorten long incisors yourself, but if you can’t turn to a doctor, try yourself as a specialist. For manipulation, take a cat nail clipper or manicure forceps. It is important to cut only the part that is redundant. After normalizing the length, your intervention will not be required, the hamster will continue to sharpen them yourself.
Features of the jaws of hamsters of different breeds
Teeth is a sore subject not only for people, but also for some hamsters. Syrian and Dzungarian rodents are no exception. They often have violations of the incisors, this is due to genetics, injuries. The animal can get injured due to the habit of chewing everything, even something that is not intended for this. One of these bad habits is the metal rods of the cell. If there are problems with teeth, they need to be solved right away, otherwise the hamster will have a hungry diet – due to pain sensations, the baby will refuse to eat.
The most common problems for Dzungarian hamsters and Syrians:
- Incisors grow unevenly. Due to this problem, a number of other problems may develop, such as uneven grinding, ingrowth of incisors in cheek pouches and palate. If the baby has lost weight, and with light pressure on the cheeks feels discomfort – this is an alarming bell. This can be inherited.
- The upper and lower incisors are broken. It is necessary to ensure that the tooth opposite the injured one is not too long.
How to prevent diseases?
You already know what hamsters have teeth, but it is very important to learn how to properly follow them. Periodically inspect your jaws to detect problems. The crumbs really do not like such manipulations and will try to escape. If after moving the cheek pouches you see straight, straight teeth, and their length is proportional to each other, this means that everything is fine. It is important that the hamster receives calcium in the right amount, check its content in the purchased feed.
Interesting facts and tips:
- the first symptom of jaw problems is increased salivation. This can happen if a tooth falls out;
- a hamster that grinds his teeth is most likely dissatisfied with something, has experienced a stressful situation, or something does not allow him to relax;
- fright can provoke the baby to inappropriate behavior. This answers the question why a hamster is banging its teeth. Intrusive communication, strangers, and even smells can make him angry;
- the cause of the rodent’s well-being may not be the closing of the jaws, as a result of which the remains of food accumulate in the bags;
- curved incisors do not allow the animal to eat normally.
At the slightest suspicion that the hamster’s teeth are ill, show it to the veterinarian.